Китайская система ПРО была разработана для противодействия угрозам, исходящим из Тайваня, США и Индии. Его дизайн был полностью основан на ракетной системе С-300 из России.
Китайский HQ 9
Unlike the PESA radars of the US Patriot/Russian S-300 systems, the HQ-9 uses a state-of-the-art AESA radar. The naval HQ-9 appears are identical to the land-based variant. Its naval type HHQ-9 is equipped in the PLAN Lanzhou Class Destroyers. The most basic formation of a HQ-9 batteries consisted of one search radar, one tracking radar, one Diesel generator truck, and eight Transporter Electrical Launchers(TELs) each with 4 missiles, totaling 32 rounds ready to fire. To maximize the cost and combat efficiency, the HQ-9 is designed to be flexible enough to employ a wide range of radars, both the search/surveillance/acquisition radar and the tracking/engagement/fire control radar (FCR). Although these radars are effective against stealthy targets such as F-35, full stealth target such as B-2 is difficult to detect.
Coming to the US Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD), it is a anti-ballistic missile system designed to shoot down short, medium, and intermediate Ballistic Missiles in their terminal phase using a hit-to-kill approach. However its range is limited. ICBMs can only be intercepted once they are close enough to the US airspace. To counter this, the United States built the PATRIOT DEFENSE SYSTEM. Patriot systems were incorporated to destroy any ICBM and long distance thereby destroying the threat far away from the US Mainland. Its networked with the US NORAD and helps in identifying threats quickly. One of the biggest differences that THAAD has with the Patriot systems is that the Patriot Missile employees a warhead which explodes when it hits the incoming missile while the THAAD missile destroys missiles by colliding with them. Kinetic energy hit minimizes the risk of exploding conventional warhead ballistic missiles, and nuclear tipped ballistic missiles will not explode upon a kinetic energy hit. THAAD was initially designed to hit SCUDS and similar weapons.
(Patriot Long Range ABM)
The S-400 uses three different missiles to cover its entire performance envelope. These are the extremely long range 40N6, long range 48N6 and medium range 9M96 missile. Its by far one of the most advanced ABM systems under deployment in the world. It uses a 96L6E AESA Panoramic radar detection system (range of 600 km) with protection against jamming. It is believed that S400 has the capability to even detect the F22 Raptor and the B-2 Spirit. Just one system comprising up to 8 divisions (battalions) can control up to 72 launchers, with a maximum of 384 missiles (including missiles with a range of less than 250 km (160 mi)).The missiles are fired by a gas system from the launch tubes up to 30 meters into the air before the rocket motor ignites, which increases the maximum and decreases the minimum ranges
- Types of targets
- Strategic bombers such as the B-1, B-52
- Electronic warfare airplanes such as the EA-6
- Early-warning radar airplanes such as the E-3 Sentry
- Fighter airplanes such as the F-15, F-35 and the F 22
- Stealth airplanes such as the B-2 and the F-117A
- Strategic cruise missiles such as the Tomahawk
- Ballistic missiles (range up to 3,500 km.
- All-purpose maximum radial velocity is 4.8 kilometres per second (17,000 km/h; 11,000 mph; Mach 14) (absolute limit 5 kilometres per second (18,000 km/h; 11,000 mph; Mach 15), the minimum is zero.
- System response time less than 10 seconds.
- The complex can move on roads (60 km/h) and off road (ground) at speeds up to 25 km/h
An S-400 Deployed.
A comparison of Chinese HQ9 with the S 300 and Patriot Systems.
All in all, Chinese HQ 9 is a very well developed and an efficient ABM system capable of thwarting any threat. However its still on a basic level in terms of radar capability when competing with the S400.