Полное расписание по фигурному катанию сезон 2017-2018 - даты и место проведения ФК.

Новые экономические санкции США против России: полный текст закона о санкциях, голосование, реакция ЕС

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Июль-месяц выдался жарким не только для отдыхающих, но и для политиков которые активно обсуждают новые экономические санкции США против России.


Дональд Трамп одобрил новые экономические санкции против России

Дональд Трамп одобрил новые экономические санкции против России

Голосование за экономические санкции

22 июля конгресс США опубликовала текст новых санкций против России, а 25 июля в Сенате США прошло голосование, в ходе которого палата представителей практически единогласным решением проголосовали за введение новых экономических санкций. В голосовании участвовало 422 человека, 419 проголосовали за введение санкций, 3 человека были против. Среди голосовавших были как демократы, так и республиканцы.

Не смотря на упреки Дональда Трампа в дружбе с Россией, 29 июля глава Белого Дома одобрил новые санкции. Произошло это на следующий день после того как России ввела ответные меры на высылку российских дипломатов администрацией барака Обамы в конце его президентства, отказав американской стороне в праве владения посольской дачей а так сокращения число американских дипломатов работающих в России до 455 человек — именно столько российских дипломатов ведут свою работу на территории США.

Законопроект был подготовлен конгрессом 14 июня 2017 года, однако они были отправлены на доработку по причине того что были нарушены необходимые процедуры. Дело в том, что законопроекты позволяющие США получить доход, вначале должны быть приняты палатой представителей, а не сенатом.

Ястребы вроде Джона Маккейна, — которому сделали операцию на мозг, — обвинили Трампа и заявили что в случае необходимости обойдут вето президента.


ЕС намерено ответить на антироссийские санкции в случае если они ударят по европейским компаниям

ЕС намерено ответить на антироссийские санкции в случае если они ударят по европейским компаниям

Реакция Евросоюза на американские санкции США против России

Введённые Соединенными Штатами санкции вызвали волну негодования у стран Евросоза, которые обвинили США в продвижении своих экономических интересов с помощью экономических санкций, а так же предложили ввести ответные санкции ЕС на американский законопроект.

Европейские компании тесно сотрудничают с «Газпромом» и другими компаниями, которые затронули новые санкции; Поэтому высокопоставленные политики и представители бизнес сообщества в штыки восприняли санкции.

Стоит отметить что новые санкции введены на законодательным уровне, что присваивает им статус закона. Помимо России в тексте закона речь идет о введении санкций против Ирана и КНДР.

Список компаний, которые негативно восприняли антироссийские санкции:

  1. BP
  2. Exxon
  3. MasterCard
  4. Visa
  5. Citigroup
  6. Ford
  7. Dow
  8. Chemical
  9. Procter & Gamble
  10. General Electric
  11. Caterpillar

.

Негодование европейских компаний связано не с глубокой любовью к России а с тем, что это грозит им финансовыми потерями; Ведь многие компании уже вложили деньги на проекты по строительству новых трубопроводов в Европу, а так же в исследование новых месторождений газа и нефти на территории России.

А именно подобные связи запрещают иметь новые экономические санкции США против России.

Какой отрасли затронули экономические санкции США: полный текст санкций

Новые экономические санкции США коснулись российской нефтегазовой отрасли, банковского сектора а так же другие ущемления, вроде слежки за гражданами России и проверка их на предмет связей с российскими властями.

Полный текст документа антироссийских санкций доступен на нашем сайте и официальном сайте Конгресса США. Под спойлером вы найдёте оригинал полного текста санкций введённых США против России и ряда других стран на английском языке, нажмите на спойлер для ознакомления с текстом.

Спойлер

[Congressional Bills 115th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]
[H.R. 3203 Introduced in House (IH)]

115th CONGRESS
1st Session
H. R. 3203

To provide congressional review and to counter Iranian and Russian
governments’ aggression.

_______________________________________________________________________

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

July 12, 2017

Mr. Engel (for himself, Ms. Pelosi, and Mr. Hoyer) introduced the
following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs,
and in addition to the Committees on Intelligence, Armed Services, the
Judiciary, Oversight and Government Reform, Financial Services, Rules,
and Ways and Means, for a period to be subsequently determined by the
Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall
within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned

_______________________________________________________________________

A BILL

To provide congressional review and to counter Iranian and Russian
governments’ aggression.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

(a) Short Title.—This Act may be cited as the «Countering Iran’s
Destabilizing Activities Act of 2017».
(b) Table of Contents.—The table of contents for this Act is as
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Definitions.
Sec. 3. Regional strategy for countering conventional and asymmetric
Iranian threats in the Middle East and
North Africa.
Sec. 4. Imposition of additional sanctions in response to Iran’s
ballistic missile program.
Sec. 5. Imposition of terrorism-related sanctions with respect to the
IRGC.
Sec. 6. Imposition of additional sanctions with respect to persons
responsible for human rights abuses.
Sec. 7. Enforcement of arms embargos.
Sec. 8. Review of applicability of sanctions relating to Iran’s support
for terrorism and its ballistic missile
program.
Sec. 9. Report on coordination of sanctions between the United States
and the European Union.
Sec. 10. Report on United States citizens detained by Iran.
Sec. 11. Exceptions for national security and humanitarian assistance;
rule of construction.
Sec. 12. Presidential waiver authority.
TITLE II—SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AND
COMBATING TERRORISM AND ILLICIT FINANCING

Sec. 201. Short title.
Subtitle A—Sanctions and Other Measures With Respect to the Russian
Federation

Sec. 211. Findings.
Sec. 212. Sense of Congress.
PART I—Congressional Review of Sanctions Imposed With Respect to the
Russian Federation

Sec. 215. Short title.
Sec. 216. Congressional review of certain actions relating to sanctions
imposed with respect to the Russian
Federation.
PART II—Sanctions With Respect to the Russian Federation

Sec. 221. Definitions.
Sec. 222. Codification of sanctions relating to the Russian Federation.
Sec. 223. Modification of implementation of Executive Order 13662.
Sec. 224. Imposition of sanctions with respect to activities of the
Russian Federation undermining
cybersecurity.
Sec. 225. Imposition of sanctions relating to special Russian crude oil
projects.
Sec. 226. Imposition of sanctions with respect to Russian and other
foreign financial institutions.
Sec. 227. Mandatory imposition of sanctions with respect to significant
corruption in the Russian Federation.
Sec. 228. Mandatory imposition of sanctions with respect to certain
transactions with foreign sanctions evaders
and serious human rights abusers in the
Russian Federation.
Sec. 229. Notifications to Congress under Ukraine Freedom Support Act
of 2014.
Sec. 230. Standards for termination of certain sanctions with respect
to the Russian Federation.
Sec. 231. Imposition of sanctions with respect to persons engaging in
transactions with the intelligence or
defense sectors of the Government of the
Russian Federation.
Sec. 232. Sanctions with respect to the development of pipelines in the
Russian Federation.
Sec. 233. Sanctions with respect to investment in or facilitation of
privatization of state-owned assets by the
Russian Federation.
Sec. 234. Sanctions with respect to the transfer of arms and related
materiel to Syria.
Sec. 235. Sanctions described.
Sec. 236. Exceptions, waiver, and termination.
Sec. 237. Exception relating to activities of the National Aeronautics
and Space Administration.
Sec. 238. Rule of construction.
PART III—Reports

Sec. 241. Report on oligarchs and parastatal entities of the Russian
Federation.
Sec. 242. Report on effects of expanding sanctions to include sovereign
debt and derivative products.
Sec. 243. Report on illicit finance relating to the Russian Federation.
Subtitle B—Countering Russian Influence in Europe and Eurasia

Sec. 251. Findings.
Sec. 252. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 253. Statement of policy.
Sec. 254. Coordinating aid and assistance across Europe and Eurasia.
Sec. 255. Report on media organizations controlled and funded by the
Government of the Russian Federation.
Sec. 256. Report on Russian Federation influence on elections in Europe
and Eurasia.
Sec. 257. Ukranian energy security.
Sec. 258. Termination.
Sec. 259. Appropriate congressional committees defined.
Subtitle C—Combating Terrorism and Illicit Financing

PART I—National Strategy for Combating Terrorist and Other Illicit
Financing

Sec. 261. Development of national strategy.
Sec. 262. Contents of national strategy.
PART II—Enhancing Antiterrorism Tools of the Department of the
Treasury

Sec. 271. Improving antiterror finance monitoring of funds transfers.
Sec. 272. Sense of Congress on international cooperation regarding
terrorist financing intelligence.
Sec. 273. Examining the counter-terror financing role of the Department
of the Treasury in embassies.
Sec. 274. Inclusion of Secretary of the Treasury on the National
Security Council.
Sec. 275. Inclusion of all funds.
PART III—Definitions

Sec. 281. Definitions.
Subtitle D—Rule of Construction

Sec. 291. Rule of construction.
Sec. 292. Sense of Senate on the strategic importance of Article 5 of
the North Atlantic Treaty.

SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.

In this Act:
(1) Act of international terrorism.—The term «act of
international terrorism» has the meaning given that term in
section 14 of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-
172; 50 U.S.C. 1701 note).
(2) Appropriate congressional committees.—The term
«appropriate congressional committees» has the meaning given
that term in section 14 of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996
(Public Law 104-172; 50 U.S.C. 1701 note).
(3) Foreign person.—The term «foreign person» means a
person that is not a United States person.
(4) Iranian person.—The term «Iranian person» means—
(A) an individual who is a citizen or national of
Iran; or
(B) an entity organized under the laws of Iran or
otherwise subject to the jurisdiction of the Government
of Iran.
(5) IRGC.—The term «IRGC» means Iran’s Islamic
Revolutionary Guard Corps.
(6) Knowingly.—The term «knowingly» has the meaning
given that term in section 14 of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996
(Public Law 104-172; 50 U.S.C. 1701 note).
(7) United states person.—The term «United States
person» means—
(A) a United States citizen or an alien lawfully
admitted for permanent residence to the United States;
or
(B) an entity organized under the laws of the
United States or of any jurisdiction within the United
States, including a foreign branch of such an entity.

SEC. 3. REGIONAL STRATEGY FOR COUNTERING CONVENTIONAL AND ASYMMETRIC
IRANIAN THREATS IN THE MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA.

(a) In General.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the
enactment of this Act, and every 2 years thereafter, the Secretary of
State, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the Treasury, and the
Director of National Intelligence shall jointly develop and submit to
the appropriate congressional committees a strategy for deterring
conventional and asymmetric Iranian activities and threats that
directly threaten the United States and key allies in the Middle East,
North Africa, and beyond.
(b) Elements.—The strategy required by subsection (a) shall
include at a minimum the following:
(1) A summary of the near- and long-term United States
objectives, plans, and means for countering Iran’s
destabilizing activities, including identification of countries
that share the objective of countering Iran’s destabilizing
activities.
(2) A summary of the capabilities and contributions of
individual countries to shared efforts to counter Iran’s
destabilizing activities, and a summary of additional actions
or contributions that each country could take to further
contribute.
(3) An assessment of Iran’s conventional force capabilities
and an assessment of Iran’s plans to upgrade its conventional
force capabilities, including its acquisition, development, and
deployment of ballistic and cruise missile capabilities,
unmanned aerial vehicles, and maritime offensive and anti-
access or area denial capabilities.
(4) An assessment of Iran’s chemical and biological weapons
capabilities and an assessment of Iranian plans to upgrade its
chemical or biological weapons capabilities.
(5) An assessment of Iran’s asymmetric activities in the
region, including—
(A) the size, capabilities, and activities of the
IRGC, including the Quds Force;
(B) the size, capabilities, and activities of
Iran’s cyber operations;
(C) the types and amount of support, including
funding, lethal and nonlethal contributions, and
training, provided to Hezbollah, Hamas, special groups
in Iraq, the regime of Bashar al-Assad in Syria, Houthi
fighters in Yemen, and other violent groups across the
Middle East; and
(D) the scope and objectives of Iran’s information
operations and use of propaganda.
(6) A summary of United States actions, unilaterally and in
cooperation with foreign governments, to counter destabilizing
Iranian activities, including—
(A) interdiction of Iranian lethal arms bound for
groups designated as foreign terrorist organizations
under section 219 of the Immigration and Nationality
Act (8 U.S.C. 1189);
(B) Iran’s interference in international commercial
shipping lanes;
(C) attempts by Iran to undermine or subvert
internationally recognized governments in the Middle
East region; and
(D) Iran’s support for the regime of Bashar al-
Assad in Syria, including—
(i) financial assistance, military
equipment and personnel, and other support
provided to that regime; and
(ii) support and direction to other armed
actors that are not Syrian or Iranian and are
acting on behalf of that regime.
(c) Form of Strategy.—The strategy required by subsection (a)
shall be submitted in unclassified form but may include a classified
annex.

SEC. 4. IMPOSITION OF ADDITIONAL SANCTIONS IN RESPONSE TO IRAN’S
BALLISTIC MISSILE PROGRAM.

(a) Sense of Congress.—It is the sense of Congress that the
Secretary of the Treasury and the Secretary of State should continue to
implement Executive Order 13382 (50 U.S.C. 1701 note; relating to
blocking property of weapons of mass destruction delivery system
proliferators and their supporters).
(b) Imposition of Sanctions.—The President shall impose the
sanctions described in subsection (c) with respect to any person that
the President determines, on or after the date of the enactment of this
Act—
(1) knowingly engages in any activity that materially
contributes to the activities of the Government of Iran with
respect to its ballistic missile program, or any other program
in Iran for developing, deploying, or maintaining systems
capable of delivering weapons of mass destruction, including
any efforts to manufacture, acquire, possess, develop,
transport, transfer, or use such capabilities;
(2) is a successor entity to a person referred to in
paragraph (1);
(3) owns or controls or is owned or controlled by a person
referred to in paragraph (1);
(4) forms an entity with the purpose of evading sanctions
that would otherwise be imposed pursuant to paragraph (3);
(5) is acting for or on behalf of a person referred to in
paragraph (1), (2), (3), or (4); or
(6) knowingly provides or attempts to provide financial,
material, technological, or other support for, or goods or
services in support of, a person referred to in paragraph (1),
(2), (3), (4) or (5).
(c) Sanctions Described.—The sanctions described in this
subsection are the following:
(1) Blocking of property.—The President shall block, in
accordance with the International Emergency Economic Powers Act
(50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.), all transactions in all property and
interests in property of any person subject to subsection (b)
if such property and interests in property are in the United
States, come within the United States, or are or come within
the possession or control of a United States person.
(2) Exclusion from united states.—The Secretary of State
shall deny a visa to, and the Secretary of Homeland Security
shall exclude from the United States, any person subject to
subsection (b) that is an alien.
(d) Penalties.—A person that violates, attempts to violate,
conspires to violate, or causes a violation of subsection (c)(1) or any
regulation, license, or order issued to carry out that subsection shall
be subject to the penalties set forth in subsections (b) and (c) of
section 206 of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50
U.S.C. 1705) to the same extent as a person that commits an unlawful
act described in subsection (a) of that section.
(e) Report on Contributions to Iran’s Ballistic Missile Program.—
(1) In general.—Not later than 180 days after the date of
the enactment of this Act, and every 180 days thereafter, the
President shall submit to the appropriate congressional
committees a report describing each person that—
(A) has, during the period specified in paragraph
(2), conducted any activity that has materially
contributed to the activities of the Government of Iran
with respect to its ballistic missile program, or any
other program in Iran for developing, deploying, or
maintaining systems capable of delivering weapons of
mass destruction, including any efforts to manufacture,
acquire, possess, develop, transport, transfer, or use
such capabilities;
(B) is a successor entity to a person referred to
in subparagraph (A);
(C) owns or controls or is owned or controlled by a
person referred to in subparagraph (A);
(D) forms an entity with the purpose of evading
sanctions that could be imposed as a result of a
relationship described in subparagraph (C);
(E) is acting for or on behalf of a person referred
to in subparagraph (A), (B), (C), or (D); or
(F) is known or believed to have provided, or
attempted to provide, during the period specified in
paragraph (2), financial, material, technological, or
other support for, or goods or services in support of,
any material contribution to a program described in
subparagraph (A) carried out by a person described in
subparagraph (A), (B), (C), (D), or (E).
(2) Period specified.—The period specified in this
paragraph is—
(A) in the case of the first report submitted under
paragraph (1), the period beginning January 1, 2016,
and ending on the date the report is submitted; and
(B) in the case of a subsequent such report, the
180-day period preceding the submission of the report.
(3) Form of report.—Each report required by paragraph (1)
shall be submitted in unclassified form but may include a
classified annex.

SEC. 5. IMPOSITION OF TERRORISM-RELATED SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO THE
IRGC.

(a) Findings.—Congress makes the following findings:
(1) The IRGC is subject to sanctions pursuant to Executive
Order 13382 (50 U.S.C. 1701 note; relating to blocking property
of weapons of mass destruction delivery system proliferators
and their supporters), the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions,
Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8501 et
seq.), Executive Order 13553 (50 U.S.C. 1701 note; relating to
blocking property of certain persons with respect to serious
human rights abuses by the Government of Iran), and Executive
Order 13606 (50 U.S.C. 1701 note; relating to blocking the
property and suspending entry into the United States of certain
persons with respect to grave human rights abuses by the
Governments of Iran and Syria via information technology).
(2) The Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps-Quds Force (in
this section referred to as the «IRGC-QF») is the primary arm
of the Government of Iran for executing its policy of
supporting terrorist and insurgent groups. The IRGC-QF provides
material, logistical assistance, training, and financial
support to militants and terrorist operatives throughout the
Middle East and South Asia and was designated for the
imposition of sanctions by the Secretary of Treasury pursuant
to Executive Order 13224 (50 U.S.C. 1701 note; relating to
blocking property and prohibiting transactions with persons who
commit, threaten to commit, or support terrorism) in October
2007 for its support of terrorism.
(3) The IRGC, not just the IRGC-QF, is responsible for
implementing Iran’s international program of destabilizing
activities, support for acts of international terrorism, and
ballistic missile program.
(b) In General.—Beginning on the date that is 90 days after the
date of the enactment of this Act, the President shall impose the
sanctions described in subsection (c) with respect to the IRGC and
foreign persons that are officials, agents, or affiliates of the IRGC.
(c) Sanctions Described.—The sanctions described in this
subsection are sanctions applicable with respect to a foreign person
pursuant to Executive Order 13224 (50 U.S.C. 1701 note; relating to
blocking property and prohibiting transactions with persons who commit,
threaten to commit, or support terrorism).

SEC. 6. IMPOSITION OF ADDITIONAL SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO PERSONS
RESPONSIBLE FOR HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES.

(a) In General.—Not later than 90 days after the date of the
enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the Secretary of State
shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a list of each
person the Secretary determines, based on credible evidence, on or
after the date of the enactment of this Act—
(1) is responsible for extrajudicial killings, torture, or
other gross violations of internationally recognized human
rights committed against individuals in Iran who seek—
(A) to expose illegal activity carried out by
officials of the Government of Iran; or
(B) to obtain, exercise, defend, or promote
internationally recognized human rights and freedoms,
such as the freedoms of religion, expression,
association, and assembly, and the rights to a fair
trial and democratic elections; or
(2) acts as an agent of or on behalf of a foreign person in
a matter relating to an activity described in paragraph (1).
(b) Sanctions Described.—
(1) In general.—The President may, in accordance with the
International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et
seq.), block all transactions in all property and interests in
property of a person on the list required by subsection (a) if
such property and interests in property are in the United
States, come within the United States, or are or come within
the possession or control of a United States person.
(2) Penalties.—A person that violates, attempts to
violate, conspires to violate, or causes a violation of
paragraph (1) or any regulation, license, or order issued to
carry out paragraph (1) shall be subject to the penalties set
forth in subsections (b) and (c) of section 206 of the
International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1705) to
the same extent as a person that commits an unlawful act
described in subsection (a) of that section.

SEC. 7. ENFORCEMENT OF ARMS EMBARGOS.

(a) In General.—Except as provided in subsection (d), the
President shall impose the sanctions described in subsection (b) with
respect to any person that the President determines—
(1) knowingly engages in any activity that materially
contributes to the supply, sale, or transfer directly or
indirectly to or from Iran, or for the use in or benefit of
Iran, of any battle tanks, armored combat vehicles, large
caliber artillery systems, combat aircraft, attack helicopters,
warships, missiles or missile systems, as defined for the
purpose of the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, or
related materiel, including spare parts; or
(2) knowingly provides to Iran any technical training,
financial resources or services, advice, other services or
assistance related to the supply, sale, transfer, manufacture,
maintenance, or use of arms and related materiel described in
paragraph (1).
(b) Sanctions Described.—
(1) Blocking of property.—The President shall block, in
accordance with the International Emergency Economic Powers Act
(50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.), all transactions in all property and
interests in property of any person subject to subsection (a)
if such property and interests in property are in the United
States, come within the United States, or are or come within
the possession or control of a United States person.
(2) Exclusion from united states.—The Secretary of State
shall deny a visa to, and the Secretary of Homeland Security
shall exclude from the United States, any person subject to
subsection (a) that is an alien.
(c) Penalties.—A person that violates, attempts to violate,
conspires to violate, or causes a violation of subsection (b)(1) or any
regulation, license, or order issued to carry out that subsection shall
be subject to the penalties set forth in subsections (b) and (c) of
section 206 of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50
U.S.C. 1705) to the same extent as a person that commits an unlawful
act described in subsection (a) of that section.
(d) Exception.—The President is not required to impose sanctions
under subsection (a) with respect to a person for engaging in an
activity described in that subsection if the President certifies to the
appropriate congressional committees that—
(1) permitting the activity is in the national security
interest of the United States;
(2) Iran no longer presents a significant threat to the
national security of the United States and to the allies of the
United States; and
(3) the Government of Iran has ceased providing operational
or financial support for acts of international terrorism and no
longer satisfies the requirements for designation as a state
sponsor of terrorism.
(e) State Sponsor of Terrorism Defined.—In this section, the term
«state sponsor of terrorism» means a country the government of which
the Secretary of State has determined to be a government that has
repeatedly provided support for acts of international terrorism for
purposes of—
(1) section 6(j)(1)(A) of the Export Administration Act of
1979 (50 U.S.C. 4605(j)(1)(A)) (as continued in effect pursuant
to the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C.
1701 et seq.));
(2) section 620A(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961
(22 U.S.C. 2371(a));
(3) section 40(d) of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C.
2780(d)); or
(4) any other provision of law.

SEC. 8. REVIEW OF APPLICABILITY OF SANCTIONS RELATING TO IRAN’S SUPPORT
FOR TERRORISM AND ITS BALLISTIC MISSILE PROGRAM.

(a) In General.—Not later than 5 years after the date of the
enactment of this Act, the President shall conduct a review of all
persons on the list of specially designated nationals and blocked
persons maintained by the Office of Foreign Assets Control of the
Department of the Treasury for activities relating to Iran—
(1) to assess the conduct of such persons as that conduct
relates to—
(A) any activity that materially contributes to the
activities of the Government of Iran with respect to
its ballistic missile program; or
(B) support by the Government of Iran for acts of
international terrorism; and
(2) to determine the applicability of sanctions with
respect to such persons under—
(A) Executive Order 13382 (50 U.S.C. 1701 note;
relating to blocking property of weapons of mass
destruction delivery system proliferators and their
supporters); or
(B) Executive Order 13224 (50 U.S.C. 1701 note;
relating to blocking property and prohibiting
transactions with persons who commit, threaten to
commit, or support terrorism).
(b) Implementation of Sanctions.—If the President determines under
subsection (a) that sanctions under an Executive Order specified in
paragraph (2) of that subsection are applicable with respect to a
person, the President shall—
(1) impose sanctions with respect to that person pursuant
to that Executive Order; or
(2) exercise the waiver authority provided under section
12.

SEC. 9. REPORT ON COORDINATION OF SANCTIONS BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES
AND THE EUROPEAN UNION.

(a) In General.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the
enactment of this Act, and every 180 days thereafter, the President
shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report that
includes the following:
(1) A description of each instance, during the period
specified in subsection (b)—
(A) in which the United States has imposed
sanctions with respect to a person for activity related
to the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction or
delivery systems for such weapons to or by Iran,
support for acts of international terrorism by Iran, or
human rights abuses in Iran, but in which the European
Union has not imposed corresponding sanctions; and
(B) in which the European Union has imposed
sanctions with respect to a person for activity related
to the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction or
delivery systems for such weapons to or by Iran,
support for acts of international terrorism by Iran, or
human rights abuses in Iran, but in which the United
States has not imposed corresponding sanctions.
(2) An explanation for the reason for each discrepancy
between sanctions imposed by the European Union and sanctions
imposed by the United States described in subparagraphs (A) and
(B) of paragraph (1).
(b) Period Specified.—The period specified in this subsection is—
(1) in the case of the first report submitted under
subsection (a), the period beginning on the date of the
enactment of this Act and ending on the date the report is
submitted; and
(2) in the case of a subsequent such report, the 180-day
period preceding the submission of the report.
(c) Form of Report.—The report required by subsection (a) shall be
submitted in unclassified form but may include a classified annex.

SEC. 10. REPORT ON UNITED STATES CITIZENS DETAINED BY IRAN.

(a) In General.—Not later than 90 days after the date of the
enactment of this Act, and every 180 days thereafter, the President
shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report on
United States citizens, including United States citizens who are also
citizens of other countries, detained by Iran or groups supported by
Iran that includes—
(1) information regarding any officials of the Government
of Iran involved in any way in the detentions; and
(2) a summary of efforts the United States Government has
taken to secure the swift release of those United States
citizens.
(b) Form of Report.—The report required by subsection (a) shall be
submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.

SEC. 11. EXCEPTIONS FOR NATIONAL SECURITY AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE;
RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.

(a) In General.—The following activities shall be exempt from
sanctions under sections 4, 5, 6, and 7:
(1) Any activity subject to the reporting requirements
under title V of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C.
3091 et seq.), or to any authorized intelligence activities of
the United States.
(2) The admission of an alien to the United States if such
admission is necessary to comply with United States obligations
under the Agreement between the United Nations and the United
States of America regarding the Headquarters of the United
Nations, signed at Lake Success June 26, 1947, and entered into
force November 21, 1947, or under the Convention on Consular
Relations, done at Vienna April 24, 1963, and entered into
force March 19, 1967, or other applicable international
obligations of the United States.
(3) The conduct or facilitation of a transaction for the
sale of agricultural commodities, food, medicine, or medical
devices to Iran or for the provision of humanitarian assistance
to the people of Iran, including engaging in a financial
transaction relating to humanitarian assistance or for
humanitarian purposes or transporting goods or services that
are necessary to carry out operations relating to humanitarian
assistance or humanitarian purposes.
(b) Exception Relating to Importation of Goods.—A requirement or
the authority to block and prohibit all transactions in all property
and interests in property under section 4, 5, 6, 7, or 8 shall not
include the authority to impose sanctions with respect to the
importation of goods.
(c) Implementation.—Except as provided in subsection (b), the
President may exercise all authorities provided under sections 203 and
205 of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1702
and 1704) to carry out this Act.
(d) Rule of Construction.—Nothing in this Act (other than
subsection (b)) shall be construed to limit the authority of the
President under the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50
U.S.C. 1701 et seq.).
(e) Definitions.—In this section:
(1) Agricultural commodity.—The term «agricultural
commodity» has the meaning given that term in section 102 of
the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 5602).
(2) Good.—The term «good» has the meaning given that
term in section 16 of the Export Administration Act of 1979 (50
U.S.C. 4618) (as continued in effect pursuant to the
International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et
seq.)).
(3) Medical device.—The term «medical device» has the
meaning given the term «device» in section 201 of the Federal
Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 321).
(4) Medicine.—The term «medicine» has the meaning given
the term «drug» in section 201 of the Federal Food, Drug, and
Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 321).

SEC. 12. PRESIDENTIAL WAIVER AUTHORITY.

(a) Case-by-Case Waiver Authority.—
(1) In general.—The President may waive, on a case-by-case
basis and for a period of not more than 180 days, a requirement
under section 4, 5, 6, 7, or 8 to impose or maintain sanctions
with respect to a person, and may waive the continued
imposition of such sanctions, not less than 30 days after the
President determines and reports to the appropriate
congressional committees that it is vital to the national
security interests of the United States to waive such
sanctions.
(2) Renewal of waivers.—The President may, on a case-by-
case basis, renew a waiver under paragraph (1) for an
additional period of not more than 180 days if, not later than
15 days before that waiver expires, the President makes the
determination and submits to the appropriate congressional
committees a report described in paragraph (1).
(3) Successive renewal.—The renewal authority provided
under paragraph (2) may be exercised for additional successive
periods of not more than 180 days if the President follows the
procedures set forth in paragraph (2), and submits the report
described in paragraph (1), for each such renewal.
(b) Contents of Waiver Reports.—Each report submitted under
subsection (a) in connection with a waiver of sanctions under section
4, 5, 6, 7, or 8 with respect to a person, or the renewal of such a
waiver, shall include—
(1) a specific and detailed rationale for the determination
that the waiver is vital to the national security interests of
the United States;
(2) a description of the activity that resulted in the
person being subject to sanctions;
(3) an explanation of any efforts made by the United
States, as applicable, to secure the cooperation of the
government with primary jurisdiction over the person or the
location where the activity described in paragraph (2) occurred
in terminating or, as appropriate, penalizing the activity; and
(4) an assessment of the significance of the activity
described in paragraph (2) in contributing to the ability of
Iran to threaten the interests of the United States or allies
of the United States, develop systems capable of delivering
weapons of mass destruction, support acts of international
terrorism, or violate the human rights of any person in Iran.
(c) Effect of Report on Waiver.—If the President submits a report
under subsection (a) in connection with a waiver of sanctions under
section 4, 5, 6, 7, or 8 with respect to a person, or the renewal of
such a waiver, the President shall not be required to impose or
maintain sanctions under section 4, 5, 6, 7, or 8, as applicable, with
respect to the person described in the report during the 30-day period
referred to in subsection (a).

TITLE II—SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AND
COMBATING TERRORISM AND ILLICIT FINANCING

SEC. 201. SHORT TITLE.

This title may be cited as the «Countering Russian Influence in
Europe and Eurasia Act of 2017».

Subtitle A—Sanctions and Other Measures With Respect to the Russian
Federation

SEC. 211. FINDINGS.

Congress makes the following findings:
(1) On March 6, 2014, President Barack Obama issued
Executive Order 13660 (79 Fed. Reg. 13493; relating to blocking
property of certain persons contributing to the situation in
Ukraine), which authorizes the Secretary of the Treasury, in
consultation with the Secretary of State, to impose sanctions
on those determined to be undermining democratic processes and
institutions in Ukraine or threatening the peace, security,
stability, sovereignty, and territorial integrity of Ukraine.
President Obama subsequently issued Executive Order 13661 (79
Fed. Reg. 15535; relating to blocking property of additional
persons contributing to the situation in Ukraine) and Executive
Order 13662 (79 Fed. Reg. 16169; relating to blocking property
of additional persons contributing to the situation in Ukraine)
to expand sanctions on certain persons contributing to the
situation in Ukraine.
(2) On December 18, 2014, the Ukraine Freedom Support Act
of 2014 was enacted (Public Law 113-272; 22 U.S.C. 8921 et
seq.), which includes provisions directing the President to
impose sanctions on foreign persons that the President
determines to be entities owned or controlled by the Government
of the Russian Federation or nationals of the Russian
Federation that manufacture, sell, transfer, or otherwise
provide certain defense articles into Syria.
(3) On April 1, 2015, President Obama issued Executive
Order 13694 (80 Fed. Reg. 18077; relating to blocking the
property of certain persons engaging in significant malicious
cyber-enabled activities), which authorizes the Secretary of
the Treasury, in consultation with the Attorney General and the
Secretary of State, to impose sanctions on persons determined
to be engaged in malicious cyber-hacking.
(4) On July 26, 2016, President Obama approved a
Presidential Policy Directive on United States Cyber Incident
Coordination, which states, «certain cyber incidents that have
significant impacts on an entity, our national security, or the
broader economy require a unique approach to response
efforts».
(5) On December 29, 2016, President Obama issued an annex
to Executive Order 13694, which authorized sanctions on the
following entities and individuals:
(A) The Main Intelligence Directorate (also known
as Glavnoe Razvedyvatel’noe Upravlenie or the GRU) in
Moscow, Russian Federation.
(B) The Federal Security Service (also known as
Federalnaya Sluzhba Bezopasnosti or the FSB) in Moscow,
Russian Federation.
(C) The Special Technology Center (also known as
STLC, Ltd. Special Technology Center St. Petersburg) in
St. Petersburg, Russian Federation.
(D) Zorsecurity (also known as Esage Lab) in
Moscow, Russian Federation.
(E) The autonomous noncommercial organization known
as the Professional Association of Designers of Data
Processing Systems (also known as ANO PO KSI) in
Moscow, Russian Federation.
(F) Igor Valentinovich Korobov.
(G) Sergey Aleksandrovich Gizunov.
(H) Igor Olegovich Kostyukov.
(I) Vladimir Stepanovich Alexseyev.
(6) On January 6, 2017, an assessment of the United States
intelligence community entitled, «Assessing Russian Activities
and Intentions in Recent U.S. Elections» stated, «Russian
President Vladimir Putin ordered an influence campaign in 2016
aimed at the United States presidential election.» The
assessment warns that «Moscow will apply lessons learned from
its Putin-ordered campaign aimed at the U.S. Presidential
election to future influence efforts worldwide, including
against U.S. allies and their election processes».

SEC. 212. SENSE OF CONGRESS.

It is the sense of Congress that the President—
(1) should engage to the fullest extent possible with
partner governments with regard to closing loopholes, including
the allowance of extended prepayment for the delivery of goods
and commodities and other loopholes, in multilateral and
unilateral restrictive measures against the Russian Federation,
with the aim of maximizing alignment of those measures; and
(2) should increase efforts to vigorously enforce
compliance with sanctions in place as of the date of the
enactment of this Act with respect to the Russian Federation in
response to the crisis in eastern Ukraine, cyber intrusions and
attacks, and human rights violators in the Russian Federation.

PART I—CONGRESSIONAL REVIEW OF SANCTIONS IMPOSED WITH RESPECT TO THE
RUSSIAN FEDERATION

SEC. 215. SHORT TITLE.

The part may be cited as the «Russia Sanctions Review Act of
2017».

SEC. 216. CONGRESSIONAL REVIEW OF CERTAIN ACTIONS RELATING TO SANCTIONS
IMPOSED WITH RESPECT TO THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION.

(a) Submission to Congress of Proposed Action.—
(1) In general.—Notwithstanding any other provision of
law, before taking any action described in paragraph (2), the
President shall submit to the appropriate congressional
committees and leadership a report that describes the proposed
action and the reasons for that action.
(2) Actions described.—
(A) In general.—An action described in this
paragraph is—
(i) an action to terminate the application
of any sanctions described in subparagraph (B);
(ii) with respect to sanctions described in
subparagraph (B) imposed by the President with
respect to a person, an action to waive the
application of those sanctions with respect to
that person; or
(iii) a licensing action that significantly
alters United States’ foreign policy with
regard to the Russian Federation.
(B) Sanctions described.—The sanctions described
in this subparagraph are—
(i) sanctions provided for under—
(I) this title or any provision of
law amended by this title, including
the Executive Orders codified under
section 222;
(II) the Support for the
Sovereignty, Integrity, Democracy, and
Economic Stability of Ukraine Act of
2014 (22 U.S.C. 8901 et seq.); or
(III) the Ukraine Freedom Support
Act of 2014 (22 U.S.C. 8921 et seq.);
and
(ii) the prohibition on access to the
properties of the Government of the Russian
Federation located in Maryland and New York
that the President ordered vacated on December
29, 2016.
(3) Description of type of action.—Each report submitted
under paragraph (1) with respect to an action described in
paragraph (2) shall include a description of whether the
action—
(A) is not intended to significantly alter United
States foreign policy with regard to the Russian
Federation; or
(B) is intended to significantly alter United
States foreign policy with regard to the Russian
Federation.
(4) Inclusion of additional matter.—
(A) In general.—Each report submitted under
paragraph (1) that relates to an action that is
intended to significantly alter United States foreign
policy with regard to the Russian Federation shall
include a description of—
(i) the significant alteration to United
States foreign policy with regard to the
Russian Federation;
(ii) the anticipated effect of the action
on the national security interests of the
United States; and
(iii) the policy objectives for which the
sanctions affected by the action were initially
imposed.
(B) Requests from banking and financial services
committees.—The Committee on Banking, Housing, and
Urban Affairs of the Senate or the Committee on
Financial Services of the House of Representatives may
request the submission to the Committee of the matter
described in clauses (ii) and (iii) of subparagraph (A)
with respect to a report submitted under paragraph (1)
that relates to an action that is not intended to
significantly alter United States foreign policy with
regard to the Russian Federation.
(b) Period for Review by Congress.—
(1) In general.—During the period of 30 calendar days
beginning on the date on which the President submits a report
under subsection (a)(1)—
(A) in the case of a report that relates to an
action that is not intended to significantly alter
United States foreign policy with regard to the Russian
Federation, the Committee on Banking, Housing, and
Urban Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on
Financial Services of the House of Representatives
should, as appropriate, hold hearings and briefings and
otherwise obtain information in order to fully review
the report; and
(B) in the case of a report that relates to an
action that is intended to significantly alter United
States foreign policy with regard to the Russian
Federation, the Committee on Foreign Relations of the
Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the
House of Representatives should, as appropriate, hold
hearings and briefings and otherwise obtain information
in order to fully review the report.
(2) Exception.—The period for congressional review under
paragraph (1) of a report required to be submitted under
subsection (a)(1) shall be 60 calendar days if the report is
submitted on or after July 10 and on or before September 7 in
any calendar year.
(3) Limitation on actions during initial congressional
review period.—Notwithstanding any other provision of law,
during the period for congressional review provided for under
paragraph (1) of a report submitted under subsection (a)(1)
proposing an action described in subsection (a)(2), including
any additional period for such review as applicable under the
exception provided in paragraph (2), the President may not take
that action unless a joint resolution of approval with respect
to that action is enacted in accordance with subsection (c).
(4) Limitation on actions during presidential consideration
of a joint resolution of disapproval.—Notwithstanding any
other provision of law, if a joint resolution of disapproval
relating to a report submitted under subsection (a)(1)
proposing an action described in subsection (a)(2) passes both
Houses of Congress in accordance with subsection (c), the
President may not take that action for a period of 12 calendar
days after the date of passage of the joint resolution of
disapproval.
(5) Limitation on actions during congressional
reconsideration of a joint resolution of disapproval.—
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, if a joint
resolution of disapproval relating to a report submitted under
subsection (a)(1) proposing an action described in subsection
(a)(2) passes both Houses of Congress in accordance with
subsection (c), and the President vetoes the joint resolution,
the President may not take that action for a period of 10
calendar days after the date of the President’s veto.
(6) Effect of enactment of a joint resolution of
disapproval.—Notwithstanding any other provision of law, if a
joint resolution of disapproval relating to a report submitted
under subsection (a)(1) proposing an action described in
subsection (a)(2) is enacted in accordance with subsection (c),
the President may not take that action.
(c) Joint Resolutions of Disapproval or Approval Defined.—In this
subsection:
(1) Joint resolution of approval.—The term «joint
resolution of approval» means only a joint resolution of
either House of Congress—
(A) the title of which is as follows: «A joint
resolution approving the President’s proposal to take
an action relating to the application of certain
sanctions with respect to the Russian Federation.»;
and
(B) the sole matter after the resolving clause of
which is the following: «Congress approves of the
action relating to the application of sanctions imposed
with respect to the Russian Federation proposed by the
President in the report submitted to Congress under
section 216(a)(1) of the Russia Sanctions Review Act of
2017 on _______ relating to ________.», with the first
blank space being filled with the appropriate date and
the second blank space being filled with a short
description of the proposed action.
(2) Joint resolution of disapproval.—The term «joint
resolution of disapproval» means only a joint resolution of
either House of Congress—
(A) the title of which is as follows: «A joint
resolution disapproving the President’s proposal to
take an action relating to the application of certain
sanctions with respect to the Russian Federation.»;
and
(B) the sole matter after the resolving clause of
which is the following: «Congress disapproves of the
action relating to the application of sanctions imposed
with respect to the Russian Federation proposed by the
President in the report submitted to Congress under
section 216(a)(1) of the Russia Sanctions Review Act of
2017 on _______ relating to ________.», with the first
blank space being filled with the appropriate date and
the second blank space being filled with a short
description of the proposed action.
(3) Introduction.—During the period of 30 calendar days
provided for under subsection (b)(1), including any additional
period as applicable under the exception provided in subsection
(b)(2), a joint resolution of approval or joint resolution of
disapproval may be introduced—
(A) in the House of Representatives, by the
majority leader or the minority leader; and
(B) in the Senate, by the majority leader (or the
majority leader’s designee) or the minority leader (or
the minority leader’s designee).
(4) Floor consideration in house of representatives.—
(A) Reporting and discharge.—If a committee of the
House of Representatives to which a joint resolution of
approval or joint resolution of disapproval has been
referred has not reported the joint resolution within
10 calendar days after the date of referral, that
committee shall be discharged from further
consideration of the joint resolution.
(B) Proceeding to consideration.—Beginning on the
third legislative day after each committee to which a
joint resolution of approval or joint resolution of
disapproval has been referred reports the joint
resolution to the House or has been discharged from
further consideration of the joint resolution, it shall
be in order to move to proceed to consider the joint
resolution in the House. All points of order against
the motion are waived. Such a motion shall not be in
order after the House has disposed of a motion to
proceed on the joint resolution. The previous question
shall be considered as ordered on the motion to its
adoption without intervening motion. The motion shall
not be debatable. A motion to reconsider the vote by
which the motion is disposed of shall not be in order.
(C) Consideration.—The joint resolution of
approval or joint resolution of disapproval shall be
considered as read. All points of order against the
joint resolution and against its consideration are
waived. The previous question shall be considered as
ordered on the joint resolution to final passage
without intervening motion except 2 hours of debate
equally divided and controlled by the sponsor of the
joint resolution (or a designee) and an opponent. A
motion to reconsider the vote on passage of the joint
resolution shall not be in order.
(5) Consideration in the senate.—
(A) Committee referral.—A joint resolution of
approval or joint resolution of disapproval introduced
in the Senate shall be—
(i) referred to the Committee on Banking,
Housing, and Urban Affairs if the joint
resolution relates to a report under section
216 A3 that is described as an action that is
not intended to significantly alter United
States foreign policy with regard to the
Russian Federation; and
(ii) referred to the Committee on Foreign
Relations if the joint resolution relates to a
report under section 216 A3 that is described
as an action that is intended to significantly
alter United States foreign policy with respect
to the Russian Federation.
(B) Reporting and discharge.—If the committee to
which a joint resolution of approval or joint
resolution of disapproval was referred has not reported
the joint resolution within 10 calendar days after the
date of referral of the joint resolution, that
committee shall be discharged from further
consideration of the joint resolution and the joint
resolution shall be placed on the appropriate calendar.
(C) Proceeding to consideration.—Notwithstanding
Rule XXII of the Standing Rules of the Senate, it is in
order at any time after the Committee on Banking,
Housing, and Urban Affairs or the Committee on Foreign
Relations, as the case may be, reports a joint
resolution of approval or joint resolution of
disapproval to the Senate or has been discharged from
consideration of such a joint resolution (even though a
previous motion to the same effect has been disagreed
to) to move to proceed to the consideration of the
joint resolution, and all points of order against the
joint resolution (and against consideration of the
joint resolution) are waived. The motion to proceed is
not debatable. The motion is not subject to a motion to
postpone. A motion to reconsider the vote by which the
motion is agreed to or disagreed to shall not be in
order.
(D) Rulings of the chair on procedure.—Appeals
from the decisions of the Chair relating to the
application of the rules of the Senate, as the case may
be, to the procedure relating to a joint resolution of
approval or joint resolution of disapproval shall be
decided without debate.
(E) Consideration of veto messages.—Debate in the
Senate of any veto message with respect to a joint
resolution of approval or joint resolution of
disapproval, including all debatable motions and
appeals in connection with the joint resolution, shall
be limited to 10 hours, to be equally divided between,
and controlled by, the majority leader and the minority
leader or their designees.
(6) Rules relating to senate and house of
representatives.—
(A) Coordination with action by other house.—If,
before the passage by one House of a joint resolution
of approval or joint resolution of disapproval of that
House, that House receives an identical joint
resolution from the other House, the following
procedures shall apply:
(i) The joint resolution of the other House
shall not be referred to a committee.
(ii) With respect to the joint resolution
of the House receiving the joint resolution
from the other House—
(I) the procedure in that House
shall be the same as if no joint
resolution had been received from the
other House; but
(II) the vote on passage shall be
on the joint resolution of the other
House.
(B) Treatment of a joint resolution of other
house.—If one House fails to introduce a joint
resolution of approval or joint resolution of
disapproval, a joint resolution of approval or joint
resolution of disapproval of the other House shall be
entitled to expedited procedures in that House under
this subsection.
(C) Treatment of house joint resolution in
senate.—If, following passage of a joint resolution of
approval or joint resolution of disapproval in the
Senate, the Senate receives an identical joint
resolution from the House of Representatives, that
joint resolution shall be placed on the appropriate
Senate calendar.
(D) Application to revenue measures.—The
provisions of this paragraph shall not apply in the
House of Representatives to a joint resolution of
approval or joint resolution of disapproval that is a
revenue measure.
(7) Rules of house of representatives and senate.—This
subsection is enacted by Congress—
(A) as an exercise of the rulemaking power of the
Senate and the House of Representatives, respectively,
and as such is deemed a part of the rules of each
House, respectively, but applicable only with respect
to the procedure to be followed in that House in the
case of a joint resolution of approval or joint
resolution of disapproval, and supersedes other rules
only to the extent that it is inconsistent with such
rules; and
(B) with full recognition of the constitutional
right of either House to change the rules (so far as
relating to the procedure of that House) at any time,
in the same manner, and to the same extent as in the
case of any other rule of that House.
(d) Appropriate Congressional Committees and Leadership Defined.—
In this section, the term «appropriate congressional committees and
leadership» means—
(1) the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs,
the Committee on Foreign Relations, and the majority and
minority leaders of the Senate; and
(2) the Committee on Financial Services, the Committee on
Foreign Affairs, and the Speaker, the majority leader, and the
minority leader of the House of Representatives.

PART II—SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

SEC. 221. DEFINITIONS.

In this part:
(1) Appropriate congressional committees.—The term
«appropriate congressional committees» means—
(A) the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban
Affairs, the Committee on Foreign Relations, and the
Committee on Finance of the Senate; and
(B) the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee
on Financial Services, and the Committee on Ways and
Means of the House of Representatives.
(2) Good.—The term «good» has the meaning given that
term in section 16 of the Export Administration Act of 1979 (50
U.S.C. 4618) (as continued in effect pursuant to the
International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et
seq.)).
(3) International financial institution.—The term
«international financial institution» has the meaning given
that term in section 1701(c) of the International Financial
Institutions Act (22 U.S.C. 262r(c)).
(4) Knowingly.—The term «knowingly», with respect to
conduct, a circumstance, or a result, means that a person has
actual knowledge, or should have known, of the conduct, the
circumstance, or the result.
(5) Person.—The term «person» means an individual or
entity.
(6) United states person.—The term «United States
person» means—
(A) a United States citizen or an alien lawfully
admitted for permanent residence to the United States;
or
(B) an entity organized under the laws of the
United States or of any jurisdiction within the United
States, including a foreign branch of such an entity.

SEC. 222. CODIFICATION OF SANCTIONS RELATING TO THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION.

(a) Codification.—United States sanctions provided for in
Executive Order 13660 (79 Fed. Reg. 13493; relating to blocking
property of certain persons contributing to the situation in Ukraine),
Executive Order 13661 (79 Fed. Reg. 15535; relating to blocking
property of additional persons contributing to the situation in
Ukraine), Executive Order 13662 (79 Fed. Reg. 16169; relating to
blocking property of additional persons contributing to the situation
in Ukraine), Executive Order 13685 (79 Fed. Reg. 77357; relating to
blocking property of certain persons and prohibiting certain
transactions with respect to the Crimea region of Ukraine), Executive
Order 13694 (80 Fed. Reg. 18077; relating to blocking the property of
certain persons engaging in significant malicious cyber-enabled
activities), and Executive Order 13757 (82 Fed. Reg. 1; relating to
taking additional steps to address the national emergency with respect
to significant malicious cyber-enabled activities), as in effect on the
day before the date of the enactment of this Act, including with
respect to all persons sanctioned under such Executive Orders, shall
remain in effect except as provided in subsection (b).
(b) Termination of Certain Sanctions.—Subject to section 216, the
President may terminate the application of sanctions described in
subsection (a) that are imposed on a person in connection with activity
conducted by the person if the President submits to the appropriate
congressional committees a notice that—
(1) the person is not engaging in the activity that was the
basis for the sanctions or has taken significant verifiable
steps toward stopping the activity; and
(2) the President has received reliable assurances that the
person will not knowingly engage in activity subject to
sanctions described in subsection (a) in the future.
(c) Application of New Cyber Sanctions.—The President may waive
the initial application under subsection (a) of sanctions with respect
to a person under Executive Order 13694 or 13757 only if the President
submits to the appropriate congressional committees—
(1) a written determination that the waiver—
(A) is in the vital national security interests of
the United States; or
(B) will further the enforcement of this title; and
(2) a certification that the Government of the Russian
Federation has made significant efforts to reduce the number
and intensity of cyber intrusions conducted by that Government.
(d) Application of New Ukraine-Related Sanctions.—The President
may waive the initial application under subsection (a) of sanctions
with respect to a person under Executive Order 13660, 13661, 13662, or
13685 only if the President submits to the appropriate congressional
committees—
(1) a written determination that the waiver—
(A) is in the vital national security interests of
the United States; or
(B) will further the enforcement of this title; and
(2) a certification that the Government of the Russian
Federation is taking steps to implement the Minsk Agreement to
address the ongoing conflict in eastern Ukraine, signed in
Minsk, Belarus, on February 11, 2015, by the leaders of
Ukraine, Russia, France, and Germany, the Minsk Protocol, which
was agreed to on September 5, 2014, and any successor
agreements that are agreed to by the Government of Ukraine.

SEC. 223. MODIFICATION OF IMPLEMENTATION OF EXECUTIVE ORDER 13662.

(a) Determination That Certain Entities Are Subject to Sanctions.—
The Secretary of the Treasury may determine that a person meets one or
more of the criteria in section 1(a) of Executive Order 13662 if that
person is a state-owned entity operating in the railway, shipping, or
metals and mining sector of the economy of the Russian Federation.
(b) Modification of Directive 1 With Respect to the Financial
Services Sector of the Russian Federation Economy.—The Director of the
Office of Foreign Assets Control shall modify Directive 1 (as amended),
dated September 12, 2014, issued by the Office of Foreign Assets
Control under Executive Order 13662, or any successor directive, to
ensure that the directive prohibits the conduct by United States
persons or persons within the United States of all transactions in,
provision of financing for, and other dealings in new debt of longer
than 14 days maturity or new equity of persons determined to be subject
to the directive, their property, or their interests in property.
(c) Modification of Directive 2 With Respect to the Energy Sector
of the Russian Federation Economy.—The Director of the Office of
Foreign Assets Control shall modify Directive 2 (as amended), dated
September 12, 2014, issued by the Office of Foreign Assets Control
under Executive Order 13662, or any successor directive, to ensure that
the directive prohibits the conduct by United States persons or persons
within the United States of all transactions in, provision of financing
for, and other dealings in new debt of longer than 30 days maturity of
persons determined to be subject to the directive, their property, or
their interests in property.
(d) Modification of Directive 4.—The Director of the Office of
Foreign Assets Control shall modify Directive 4, dated September 12,
2014, issued by the Office of Foreign Assets Control under Executive
Order 13662, or any successor directive, to ensure that the directive
prohibits the provision, exportation, or reexportation, directly or
indirectly, by United States persons or persons within the United
States, of goods, services (except for financial services), or
technology in support of exploration or production for deepwater,
Arctic offshore, or shale projects—
(1) that have the potential to produce oil;
(2) in which a Russian energy firm is involved; and
(3) that involve any person determined to be subject to the
directive or the property or interests in property of such a
person.

SEC. 224. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO ACTIVITIES OF THE
RUSSIAN FEDERATION UNDERMINING CYBERSECURITY.

(a) In General.—On and after the date that is 60 days after the
date of the enactment of this Act, the President shall—
(1) impose the sanctions described in subsection (b) with
respect to any person that the President determines—
(A) knowingly engages in significant activities
undermining cybersecurity against any person, including
a democratic institution, or government on behalf of
the Government of the Russian Federation; or
(B) is owned or controlled by, or acts or purports
to act for or on behalf of, directly or indirectly, a
person described in subparagraph (A);
(2) impose 5 or more of the sanctions described in section
235 with respect to any person that the President determines
knowingly materially assists, sponsors, or provides financial,
material, or technological support for, or goods or services
(except financial services) in support of, an activity
described in paragraph (1)(A); and
(3) impose 3 or more of the sanctions described in section
4(c) of the of the Ukraine Freedom Support Act of 2014 (22
U.S.C. 8923(c)) with respect to any person that the President
determines knowingly provides financial services in support of
an activity described in paragraph (1)(A).
(b) Sanctions Described.—The sanctions described in this
subsection are the following:
(1) Asset blocking.—The exercise of all powers granted to
the President by the International Emergency Economic Powers
Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) to the extent necessary to block
and prohibit all transactions in all property and interests in
property of a person determined by the President to be subject
to subsection (a)(1) if such property and interests in property
are in the United States, come within the United States, or are
or come within the possession or control of a United States
person.
(2) Exclusion from the united states and revocation of visa
or other documentation.—In the case of an alien determined by
the President to be subject to subsection (a)(1), denial of a
visa to, and exclusion from the United States of, the alien,
and revocation in accordance with section 221(i) of the
Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1201(i)), of any visa
or other documentation of the alien.
(c) Application of New Cyber Sanctions.—The President may waive
the initial application under subsection (a) of sanctions with respect
to a person only if the President submits to the appropriate
congressional committees—
(1) a written determination that the waiver—
(A) is in the vital national security interests of
the United States; or
(B) will further the enforcement of this title; and
(2) a certification that the Government of the Russian
Federation has made significant efforts to reduce the number
and intensity of cyber intrusions conducted by that Government.
(d) Significant Activities Undermining Cybersecurity Defined.—In
this section, the term «significant activities undermining
cybersecurity» includes—
(1) significant efforts—
(A) to deny access to or degrade, disrupt, or
destroy an information and communications technology
system or network; or
(B) to exfiltrate, degrade, corrupt, destroy, or
release information from such a system or network
without authorization for purposes of—
(i) conducting influence operations; or
(ii) causing a significant misappropriation
of funds, economic resources, trade secrets,
personal identifications, or financial
information for commercial or competitive
advantage or private financial gain;
(2) significant destructive malware attacks; and
(3) significant denial of service activities.

SEC. 225. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS RELATING TO SPECIAL RUSSIAN CRUDE OIL
PROJECTS.

Section 4(b)(1) of the Ukraine Freedom Support Act of 2014 (22
U.S.C. 8923(b)(1)) is amended by striking «on and after the date that
is 45 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the President
may impose» and inserting «on and after the date that is 30 days
after the date of the enactment of the Countering Russian Influence in
Europe and Eurasia Act of 2017, the President shall impose, unless the
President determines that it is not in the national interest of the
United States to do so,».

SEC. 226. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO RUSSIAN AND OTHER
FOREIGN FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS.

Section 5 of the Ukraine Freedom Support Act of 2014 (22 U.S.C.
8924) is amended—
(1) in subsection (a)—
(A) by striking «may impose» and inserting
«shall impose, unless the President determines that it
is not in the national interest of the United States to
do so,»; and
(B) by striking «on or after the date of the
enactment of this Act» and inserting «on or after the
date of the enactment of the Countering Russian
Influence in Europe and Eurasia Act of 2017»; and
(2) in subsection (b)—
(A) by striking «may impose» and inserting
«shall impose, unless the President determines that it
is not in the national interest of the United States to
do so,»; and
(B) by striking «on or after the date that is 180
days after the date of the enactment of this Act» and
inserting «on or after the date that is 30 days after
the date of the enactment of the Countering Russian
Influence in Europe and Eurasia Act of 2017».

SEC. 227. MANDATORY IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO SIGNIFICANT
CORRUPTION IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION.

Section 9 of the Sovereignty, Integrity, Democracy, and Economic
Stability of Ukraine Act of 2014 (22 U.S.C. 8908(a)) is amended—
(1) in subsection (a)—
(A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by
striking «is authorized and encouraged to» and
inserting «shall»; and
(B) in paragraph (1)—
(i) by striking «President determines is»
and inserting «President determines is, on or
after the date of the enactment of the
Countering Russian Influence in Europe and
Eurasia Act of 2017,»; and
(ii) by inserting «or elsewhere» after
«in the Russian Federation»;
(2) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e);
(3) in subsection (c), by striking «The President» and
inserting «except as provided in subsection (d), the
President»; and
(4) by inserting after subsection (c) the following:
«(d) Application of New Sanctions.—The President may waive the
initial application of sanctions under subsection (b) with respect to a
person only if the President submits to the appropriate congressional
committees—
«(1) a written determination that the waiver—
«(A) is in the vital national security interests
of the United States; or
«(B) will further the enforcement of this Act; and
«(2) a certification that the Government of the Russian
Federation is taking steps to implement the Minsk Agreement to
address the ongoing conflict in eastern Ukraine, signed in
Minsk, Belarus, on February 11, 2015, by the leaders of
Ukraine, Russia, France, and Germany, the Minsk Protocol, which
was agreed to on September 5, 2014, and any successor
agreements that are agreed to by the Government of Ukraine.».

SEC. 228. MANDATORY IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO CERTAIN
TRANSACTIONS WITH FOREIGN SANCTIONS EVADERS AND SERIOUS
HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSERS IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION.

(a) In General.—The Support for the Sovereignty, Integrity,
Democracy, and Economic Stability of Ukraine Act of 2014 (22 U.S.C.
8901 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

«SEC. 10. MANDATORY IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO CERTAIN
TRANSACTIONS WITH PERSONS THAT EVADE SANCTIONS IMPOSED
WITH RESPECT TO THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION.

«(a) In General.—The President shall impose the sanctions
described in subsection (b) with respect to a foreign person if the
President determines that the foreign person knowingly, on or after the
date of the enactment of the Countering Russian Influence in Europe and
Eurasia Act of 2017—
«(1) materially violates, attempts to violate, conspires
to violate, or causes a violation of any license, order,
regulation, or prohibition contained in or issued pursuant to
any covered Executive order; or
«(2) facilitates significant deceptive or structured
transactions for or on behalf of—
«(A) any person subject to sanctions imposed by
the United States with respect to the Russian
Federation; or
«(B) any child, spouse, parent, or sibling of an
individual described in subparagraph (A).
«(b) Sanctions Described.—The sanctions described in this
subsection are the exercise of all powers granted to the President by
the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et
seq.) to the extent necessary to block and prohibit all transactions in
all property and interests in property of a person determined by the
President to be subject to subsection (a) if such property and
interests in property are in the United States, come within the United
States, or are or come within the possession or control of a United
States person.
«(c) Implementation; Penalties.—
«(1) Implementation.—The President may exercise all
authorities provided to the President under sections 203 and
205 of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50
U.S.C. 1702 and 1704) to carry out subsection (b).
«(2) Penalties.—A person that violates, attempts to
violate, conspires to violate, or causes a violation of
subsection (b) or any regulation, license, or order issued to
carry out subsection (b) shall be subject to the penalties set
forth in subsections (b) and (c) of section 206 of the
International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1705) to
the same extent as a person that commits an unlawful act
described in subsection (a) of that section.
«(d) Application of New Sanctions.—The President may waive the
initial application of sanctions under subsection (b) with respect to a
person only if the President submits to the appropriate congressional
committees—
«(1) a written determination that the waiver—
«(A) is in the vital national security interests
of the United States; or
«(B) will further the enforcement of this Act;
«(2) in the case of sanctions imposed under this section
in connection with a covered Executive order described in
subparagraph (A), (B), (C), or (D) of subsection (f)(1), a
certification that the Government of the Russian Federation is
taking steps to implement the Minsk Agreement to address the
ongoing conflict in eastern Ukraine, signed in Minsk, Belarus,
on February 11, 2015, by the leaders of Ukraine, Russia,
France, and Germany, the Minsk Protocol, which was agreed to on
September 5, 2014, and any successor agreements that are agreed
to by the Government of Ukraine; and
«(3) in the case of sanctions imposed under this section
in connection with a covered Executive order described in
subparagraphs (E) or (F) of subsection (f)(1), a certification
that the Government of the Russian Federation has made
significant efforts to reduce the number and intensity of cyber
intrusions conducted by that Government.
«(e) Termination.—Subject to section 216 of the Russia Sanctions
Review Act of 2017, the President may terminate the application of
sanctions under subsection (b) with respect to a person if the
President submits to the appropriate congressional committees—
«(1) a notice of and justification for the termination;
and
«(2) a notice that—
«(A) the person is not engaging in the activity
that was the basis for the sanctions or has taken
significant verifiable steps toward stopping the
activity; and
«(B) the President has received reliable
assurances that the person will not knowingly engage in
activity subject to sanctions under subsection (a) in
the future.
«(f) Definitions.—In this section:
«(1) Covered executive order.—The term `covered Executive
order’ means any of the following:
«(A) Executive Order 13660 (79 Fed. Reg. 13493;
relating to blocking property of certain persons
contributing to the situation in Ukraine).
«(B) Executive Order 13661 (79 Fed. Reg. 15535;
relating to blocking property of additional persons
contributing to the situation in Ukraine).
«(C) Executive Order 13662 (79 Fed. Reg. 16169;
relating to blocking property of additional persons
contributing to the situation in Ukraine).
«(D) Executive Order 13685 (79 Fed. Reg. 77357;
relating to blocking property of certain persons and
prohibiting certain transactions with respect to the
Crimea region of Ukraine).
«(E) Executive Order 13694 (80 Fed. Reg. 18077;
relating to blocking the property of certain persons
engaging in significant malicious cyber-enabled
activities).
«(F) Executive Order 13757 (82 Fed. Reg. 1;
relating to taking additional steps to address the
national emergency with respect to significant
malicious cyber-enabled activities).
«(2) Foreign person.—The term `foreign person’ has the
meaning given such term in section 595.304 of title 31, Code of
Federal Regulations (as in effect on the date of the enactment
of the Countering Russian Influence in Europe and Eurasia Act
of 2017).
«(3) Structured.—The term `structured’, with respect to a
transaction, has the meaning given the term `structure’ in
paragraph (xx) of section 1010.100 of title 31, Code of Federal
Regulations (or any corresponding similar regulation or
ruling).

«SEC. 11. MANDATORY IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO
TRANSACTIONS WITH PERSONS RESPONSIBLE FOR HUMAN RIGHTS
ABUSES.

«(a) In General.—The President shall impose the sanctions
described in subsection (b) with respect to a foreign person if the
President determines that the foreign person, based on credible
information, on or after the date of the enactment of the Countering
Russian Influence in Europe and Eurasia Act of 2017—
«(1) is responsible for, complicit in, or responsible for
ordering, controlling, or otherwise directing, the commission
of serious human rights abuses in any territory forcibly
occupied or otherwise controlled by the Government of the
Russian Federation;
«(2) materially assists, sponsors, or provides financial,
material, or technological support for, or goods or services
to, a foreign person described in paragraph (1); or
«(3) is owned or controlled by, or acts or purports to act
for or on behalf of, directly or indirectly, a foreign person
described in paragraph (1).
«(b) Sanctions Described.—
«(1) Asset blocking.—The exercise of all powers granted
to the President by the International Emergency Economic Powers
Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) to the extent necessary to block
and prohibit all transactions in all property and interests in
property of a person determined by the President to be subject
to subsection (a) if such property and interests in property
are in the United States, come within the United States, or are
or come within the possession or control of a United States
person.
«(2) Exclusion from the united states and revocation of
visa or other documentation.—In the case of an alien
determined by the President to be subject to subsection (a),
denial of a visa to, and exclusion from the United States of,
the alien, and revocation in accordance with section 221(i) of
the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1201(i)), of any
visa or other documentation of the alien.
«(c) Application of New Sanctions.—The President may waive the
initial application of sanctions under subsection (b) with respect to a
person only if the President submits to the appropriate congressional
committees—
«(1) a written determination that the waiver—
«(A) is in the vital national security interests
of the United States; or
«(B) will further the enforcement of this Act; and
«(2) a certification that the Government of the Russian
Federation has made efforts to reduce serious human rights
abuses in territory forcibly occupied or otherwise controlled
by that government.
«(d) Implementation; Penalties.—
«(1) Implementation.—The President may exercise all
authorities provided to the President under sections 203 and
205 of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50
U.S.C. 1702 and 1704) to carry out subsection (b)(1).
«(2) Penalties.—A person that violates, attempts to
violate, conspires to violate, or causes a violation of
subsection (b)(1) or any regulation, license, or order issued
to carry out subsection (b)(1) shall be subject to the
penalties set forth in subsections (b) and (c) of section 206
of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C.
1705) to the same extent as a person that commits an unlawful
act described in subsection (a) of that section.
«(e) Termination.—Subject to section 216 of the Russia Sanctions
Review Act of 2017, the President may terminate the application of
sanctions under subsection (b) with respect to a person if the
President submits to the appropriate congressional committees—
«(1) a notice of and justification for the termination;
and
«(2) a notice—
«(A) that—
«(i) the person is not engaging in the
activity that was the basis for the sanctions
or has taken significant verifiable steps
toward stopping the activity; and
«(ii) the President has received reliable
assurances that the person will not knowingly
engage in activity subject to sanctions under
subsection (a) in the future; or
«(B) that the President determines that
insufficient basis exists for the determination by the
President under subsection (a) with respect to the
person.».
(b) Definition of Appropriate Congressional Committees.—Section
2(2) of the Support for the Sovereignty, Integrity, Democracy, and
Economic Stability of Ukraine Act of 2014 (22 U.S.C. 8901(2)) is
amended—
(1) in subparagraph (A), by inserting «the Committee on
Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs,» before «the Committee
on Foreign Relations»; and
(2) in subparagraph (B), by inserting «the Committee on
Financial Services» before «the Committee on Foreign
Affairs».

SEC. 229. NOTIFICATIONS TO CONGRESS UNDER UKRAINE FREEDOM SUPPORT ACT
OF 2014.

(a) Sanctions Relating to Defense and Energy Sectors of the Russian
Federation.—Section 4 of the Ukraine Freedom Support Act of 2014 (22
U.S.C. 8923) is amended—
(1) by redesignating subsections (g) and (h) as subsections
(h) and (i), respectively;
(2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following:
«(g) Notifications and Certifications to Congress.—
«(1) Imposition of sanctions.—The President shall notify
the appropriate congressional committees in writing not later
than 15 days after imposing sanctions with respect to a foreign
person under subsection (a) or (b).
«(2) Termination of sanctions with respect to russian
producers, transferors, or brokers of defense articles.—
Subject to section 216 of the Russia Sanctions Review Act of
2017, the President may terminate the imposition of sanctions
under subsection (a)(2) with respect to a foreign person if the
President submits to the appropriate congressional committees—
«(A) a notice of and justification for the
termination; and
«(B) a notice that—
«(i) the foreign person is not engaging in
the activity that was the basis for the
sanctions or has taken significant verifiable
steps toward stopping the activity; and
«(ii) the President has received reliable
assurances that the foreign person will not
knowingly engage in activity subject to
sanctions under subsection (a)(2) in the
future.»; and
(3) in subparagraph (B)(ii) of subsection (a)(3), by
striking «subsection (h)» and inserting «subsection (i)».
(b) Sanctions on Russian and Other Foreign Financial
Institutions.—Section 5 of the Ukraine Freedom Support Act of 2014 (22
U.S.C. 8924) is amended—
(1) by redesignating subsections (e) and (f) as subsections
(f) and (g), respectively;
(2) by inserting after subsection (d) the following:
«(e) Notification to Congress on Imposition of Sanctions.—The
President shall notify the appropriate congressional committees in
writing not later than 15 days after imposing sanctions with respect to
a foreign financial institution under subsection (a) or (b).»; and
(3) in subsection (g), as redesignated by paragraph (1), by
striking «section 4(h)» and inserting «section 4(i)».

SEC. 230. STANDARDS FOR TERMINATION OF CERTAIN SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT
TO THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION.

(a) Sanctions Relating to Undermining the Peace, Security,
Stability, Sovereignty, or Territorial Integrity of Ukraine.—Section 8
of the Sovereignty, Integrity, Democracy, and Economic Stability of
Ukraine Act of 2014 (22 U.S.C. 8907) is amended—
(1) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e); and
(2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following:
«(d) Termination.—Subject to section 216 of the Russia Sanctions
Review Act of 2017, the President may terminate the application of
sanctions under subsection (b) with respect to a person if the
President submits to the appropriate congressional committees a notice
that—
«(1) the person is not engaging in the activity that was
the basis for the sanctions or has taken significant verifiable
steps toward stopping the activity; and
«(2) the President has received reliable assurances that
the person will not knowingly engage in activity subject to
sanctions under subsection (a) in the future.».
(b) Sanctions Relating to Corruption.—Section 9 of the
Sovereignty, Integrity, Democracy, and Economic Stability of Ukraine
Act of 2014 (22 U.S.C. 8908) is amended—
(1) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e); and
(2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following:
«(d) Termination.—Subject to section 216 of the Russia Sanctions
Review Act of 2017, the President may terminate the application of
sanctions under subsection (b) with respect to a person if the
President submits to the appropriate congressional committees a notice
that—
«(1) the person is not engaging in the activity that was
the basis for the sanctions or has taken significant verifiable
steps toward stopping the activity; and
«(2) the President has received reliable assurances that
the person will not knowingly engage in activity subject to
sanctions under subsection (a) in the future.».

SEC. 231. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO PERSONS ENGAGING IN
TRANSACTIONS WITH THE INTELLIGENCE OR DEFENSE SECTORS OF
THE GOVERNMENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION.

(a) In General.—On and after the date that is 180 days after the
date of the enactment of this Act, the President shall impose 5 or more
of the sanctions described in section 235 with respect to a person the
President determines knowingly, on or after such date of enactment,
engages in a significant transaction with a person that is part of, or
operates for or on behalf of, the defense or intelligence sectors of
the Government of the Russian Federation, including the Main
Intelligence Agency of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the
Russian Federation or the Federal Security Service of the Russian
Federation.
(b) Application of New Sanctions.—The President may waive the
initial application of sanctions under subsection (a) with respect to a
person only if the President submits to the appropriate congressional
committees—
(1) a written determination that the waiver—
(A) is in the vital national security interests of
the United States; or
(B) will further the enforcement of this title; and
(2) a certification that the Government of the Russian
Federation has made significant efforts to reduce the number
and intensity of cyber intrusions conducted by that government.

SEC. 232. SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF PIPELINES IN THE
RUSSIAN FEDERATION.

(a) In General.—The President may impose 5 or more of the
sanctions described in section 235 with respect to a person if the
President determines that the person knowingly, on or after the date of
the enactment of this Act, makes an investment described in subsection
(b) or sells, leases, or provides to the Russian Federation, for the
construction of Russian energy export pipelines, goods, services,
technology, information, or support described in subsection (c)—
(1) any of which has a fair market value of $1,000,000 or
more; or
(2) that, during a 12-month period, have an aggregate fair
market value of $5,000,000 or more.
(b) Investment Described.—An investment described in this
subsection is an investment that directly and significantly contributes
to the enhancement of the ability of the Russian Federation to
construct energy export pipelines.
(c) Goods, Services, Technology, Information, or Support
Described.—Goods, services, technology, information, or support
described in this subsection are goods, services, technology,
information, or support that could directly and significantly
facilitate the maintenance or expansion of the construction,
modernization, or repair of energy pipelines by the Russian Federation.

SEC. 233. SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO INVESTMENT IN OR FACILITATION OF
PRIVATIZATION OF STATE-OWNED ASSETS BY THE RUSSIAN
FEDERATION.

(a) In General.—The President shall impose 5 or more of the
sanctions described in section 235 if the President determines that a
person, with actual knowledge, on or after the date of the enactment of
this Act, makes an investment of $10,000,000 or more (or any
combination of investments of not less than $1,000,000 each, which in
the aggregate equals or exceeds $10,000,000 in any 12-month period), or
facilitates such an investment, if the investment directly and
significantly contributes to the ability of the Russian Federation to
privatize state-owned assets in a manner that unjustly benefits—
(1) officials of the Government of the Russian Federation;
or
(2) close associates or family members of those officials.
(b) Application of New Sanctions.—The President may waive the
initial application of sanctions under subsection (a) with respect to a
person only if the President submits to the appropriate congressional
committees—
(1) a written determination that the waiver—
(A) is in the vital national security interests of
the United States; or
(B) will further the enforcement of this title; and
(2) a certification that the Government of the Russian
Federation is taking steps to implement the Minsk Agreement to
address the ongoing conflict in eastern Ukraine, signed in
Minsk, Belarus, on February 11, 2015, by the leaders of
Ukraine, Russia, France, and Germany, the Minsk Protocol, which
was agreed to on September 5, 2014, and any successor
agreements that are agreed to by the Government of Ukraine.

SEC. 234. SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO THE TRANSFER OF ARMS AND RELATED
MATERIEL TO SYRIA.

(a) Imposition of Sanctions.—
(1) In general.—The President shall impose on a foreign
person the sanctions described in subsection (b) if the
President determines that such foreign person has, on or after
the date of the enactment of this Act, knowingly exported,
transferred, or otherwise provided to Syria significant
financial, material, or technological support that contributes
materially to the ability of the Government of Syria to—
(A) acquire or develop chemical, biological, or
nuclear weapons or related technologies;
(B) acquire or develop ballistic or cruise missile
capabilities;
(C) acquire or develop destabilizing numbers and
types of advanced conventional weapons;
(D) acquire significant defense articles, defense
services, or defense information (as such terms are
defined under the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C.
2751 et seq.)); or
(E) acquire items designated by the President for
purposes of the United States Munitions List under
section 38(a)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act (22
U.S.C. 2778(a)(1)).
(2) Applicability to other foreign persons.—The sanctions
described in subsection (b) shall also be imposed on any
foreign person that—
(A) is a successor entity to a foreign person
described in paragraph (1); or
(B) is owned or controlled by, or has acted for or
on behalf of, a foreign person described in paragraph
(1).
(b) Sanctions Described.—The sanctions to be imposed on a foreign
person described in subsection (a) are the following:
(1) Blocking of property.—The President shall exercise all
powers granted by the International Emergency Economic Powers
Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) (except that the requirements of
section 202 of such Act (50 U.S.C. 1701) shall not apply) to
the extent necessary to block and prohibit all transactions in
all property and interests in property of the foreign person if
such property and interests in property are in the United
States, come within the United States, or are or come within
the possession or control of a United States person.
(2) Aliens ineligible for visas, admission, or parole.—
(A) Exclusion from the united states.—If the
foreign person is an individual, the Secretary of State
shall deny a visa to, and the Secretary of Homeland
Security shall exclude from the United States, the
foreign person.
(B) Current visas revoked.—
(i) In general.—The issuing consular
officer, the Secretary of State, or the
Secretary of Homeland Security (or a designee
of one of such Secretaries) shall revoke any
visa or other entry documentation issued to the
foreign person regardless of when issued.
(ii) Effect of revocation.—A revocation
under clause (i) shall take effect immediately
and shall automatically cancel any other valid
visa or entry documentation that is in the
possession of the foreign person.
(c) Waiver.—Subject to section 216, the President may waive the
application of sanctions under subsection (b) with respect to a person
if the President determines that such a waiver is in the national
security interest of the United States.
(d) Definitions.—In this section:
(1) Financial, material, or technological support.—The
term «financial, material, or technological support» has the
meaning given such term in section 542.304 of title 31, Code of
Federal Regulations (or any corresponding similar regulation or
ruling).
(2) Foreign person.—The term «foreign person» has the
meaning given such term in section 594.304 of title 31, Code of
Federal Regulations (or any corresponding similar regulation or
ruling).
(3) Syria.—The term «Syria» has the meaning given such
term in section 542.316 of title 31, Code of Federal
Regulations (or any corresponding similar regulation or
ruling).

SEC. 235. SANCTIONS DESCRIBED.

(a) Sanctions Described.—The sanctions to be imposed with respect
to a person under section 224(a)(2), 231(b), 232(a), or 233(a) are the
following:
(1) Export-import bank assistance for exports to sanctioned
persons.—The President may direct the Export-Import Bank of
the United States not to give approval to the issuance of any
guarantee, insurance, extension of credit, or participation in
the extension of credit in connection with the export of any
goods or services to the sanctioned person.
(2) Export sanction.—The President may order the United
States Government not to issue any specific license and not to
grant any other specific permission or authority to export any
goods or technology to the sanctioned person under—
(A) the Export Administration Act of 1979 (50
U.S.C. 4601 et seq.) (as continued in effect pursuant
to the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50
U.S.C. 1701 et seq.));
(B) the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2751 et
seq.);
(C) the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2011
et seq.); or
(D) any other statute that requires the prior
review and approval of the United States Government as
a condition for the export or reexport of goods or
services.
(3) Loans from united states financial institutions.—The
President may prohibit any United States financial institution
from making loans or providing credits to the sanctioned person
totaling more than $10,000,000 in any 12-month period unless
the person is engaged in activities to relieve human suffering
and the loans or credits are provided for such activities.
(4) Loans from international financial institutions.—The
President may direct the United States executive director to
each international financial institution to use the voice and
vote of the United States to oppose any loan from the
international financial institution that would benefit the
sanctioned person.
(5) Prohibitions on financial institutions.—The following
prohibitions may be imposed against the sanctioned person if
that person is a financial institution:
(A) Prohibition on designation as primary dealer.—
Neither the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve
System nor the Federal Reserve Bank of New York may
designate, or permit the continuation of any prior
designation of, the financial institution as a primary
dealer in United States Government debt instruments.
(B) Prohibition on service as a repository of
government funds.—The financial institution may not
serve as agent of the United States Government or serve
as repository for United States Government funds.
The imposition of either sanction under subparagraph (A) or (B)
shall be treated as 1 sanction for purposes of subsection (b),
and the imposition of both such sanctions shall be treated as 2
sanctions for purposes of subsection (b).
(6) Procurement sanction.—The United States Government may
not procure, or enter into any contract for the procurement of,
any goods or services from the sanctioned person.
(7) Foreign exchange.—The President may, pursuant to such
regulations as the President may prescribe, prohibit any
transactions in foreign exchange that are subject to the
jurisdiction of the United States and in which the sanctioned
person has any interest.
(8) Banking transactions.—The President may, pursuant to
such regulations as the President may prescribe, prohibit any
transfers of credit or payments between financial institutions
or by, through, or to any financial institution, to the extent
that such transfers or payments are subject to the jurisdiction
of the United States and involve any interest of the sanctioned
person.
(9) Property transactions.—The President may, pursuant to
such regulations as the President may prescribe, prohibit any
person from—
(A) acquiring, holding, withholding, using,
transferring, withdrawing, transporting, importing, or
exporting any property that is subject to the
jurisdiction of the United States and with respect to
which the sanctioned person has any interest;
(B) dealing in or exercising any right, power, or
privilege with respect to such property; or
(C) conducting any transaction involving such
property.
(10) Ban on investment in equity or debt of sanctioned
person.—The President may, pursuant to such regulations or
guidelines as the President may prescribe, prohibit any United
States person from investing in or purchasing significant
amounts of equity or debt instruments of the sanctioned person.
(11) Exclusion of corporate officers.—The President may
direct the Secretary of State to deny a visa to, and the
Secretary of Homeland Security to exclude from the United
States, any alien that the President determines is a corporate
officer or principal of, or a shareholder with a controlling
interest in, the sanctioned person.
(12) Sanctions on principal executive officers.—The
President may impose on the principal executive officer or
officers of the sanctioned person, or on persons performing
similar functions and with similar authorities as such officer
or officers, any of the sanctions under this subsection.
(b) Sanctioned Person Defined.—In this section, the term
«sanctioned person» means a person subject to sanctions under section
224(a)(2), 231(b), 232(a), or 233(a).

SEC. 236. EXCEPTIONS, WAIVER, AND TERMINATION.

(a) Exceptions.—The provisions of this part and amendments made by
this part shall not apply with respect to the following:
(1) Activities subject to the reporting requirements under
title V of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3091 et
seq.), or any authorized intelligence activities of the United
States.
(2) The admission of an alien to the United States if such
admission is necessary to comply with United States obligations
under the Agreement between the United Nations and the United
States of America regarding the Headquarters of the United
Nations, signed at Lake Success June 26, 1947, and entered into
force November 21, 1947, under the Convention on Consular
Relations, done at Vienna April 24, 1963, and entered into
force March 19, 1967, or under other international agreements.
(b) Exception Relating to Importation of Goods.—No requirement to
impose sanctions under this part or an amendment made by this part
shall include the authority to impose sanctions on the importation of
goods.
(c) Waiver of Sanctions That Are Imposed.—Subject to section 216,
if the President imposes sanctions with respect to a person under this
part or the amendments made by this part, the President may waive the
application of those sanctions if the President determines that such a
waiver is in the national security interest of the United States.
(d) Termination.—Subject to section 216, the President may
terminate the application of sanctions under section 224, 231, 232,
233, or 234 with respect to a person if the President submits to the
appropriate congressional committees—
(1) a notice of and justification for the termination; and
(2) a notice that—
(A) the person is not engaging in the activity that
was the basis for the sanctions or has taken
significant verifiable steps toward stopping the
activity; and
(B) the President has received reliable assurances
that the person will not knowingly engage in activity
subject to sanctions under this part in the future.

SEC. 237. EXCEPTION RELATING TO ACTIVITIES OF THE NATIONAL AERONAUTICS
AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION.

(a) In General.—This Act and the amendments made by this Act shall
not apply with respect to activities of the National Aeronautics and
Space Administration.
(b) Rule of Construction.—Nothing in this Act or the amendments
made by this Act shall be construed to authorize the imposition of any
sanction or other condition, limitation, restriction, or prohibition,
that directly or indirectly impedes the supply by any entity of the
Russian Federation of any product or service, or the procurement of
such product or service by any contractor or subcontractor of the
United States or any other entity, relating to or in connection with
any space launch conducted for—
(1) the National Aeronautics and Space Administration; or
(2) any other non-Department of Defense customer.

SEC. 238. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.

Nothing in this part or the amendments made by this part shall be
construed—
(1) to supersede the limitations or exceptions on the use
of rocket engines for national security purposes under section
1608 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. «Buck» McKeon National
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-
291; 128 Stat. 3626; 10 U.S.C. 2271 note), as amended by
section 1607 of the National Defense Authorization Act for
Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1100) and
section 1602 of the National Defense Authorization Act for
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2582); or
(2) to prohibit a contractor or subcontractor of the
Department of Defense from acquiring components referred to in
such section 1608.

PART III—REPORTS

SEC. 241. REPORT ON OLIGARCHS AND PARASTATAL ENTITIES OF THE RUSSIAN
FEDERATION.

(a) In General.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation
with the Director of National Intelligence and the Secretary of State,
shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a detailed
report on the following:
(1) Senior foreign political figures and oligarchs in the
Russian Federation, including the following:
(A) An identification of the most significant
senior foreign political figures and oligarchs in the
Russian Federation, as determined by their closeness to
the Russian regime and their net worth.
(B) An assessment of the relationship between
individuals identified under subparagraph (A) and
President Vladimir Putin or other members of the
Russian ruling elite.
(C) An identification of any indices of corruption
with respect to those individuals.
(D) The estimated net worth and known sources of
income of those individuals and their family members
(including spouses, children, parents, and siblings),
including assets, investments, other business
interests, and relevant beneficial ownership
information.
(E) An identification of the non-Russian business
affiliations of those individuals.
(2) Russian parastatal entities, including an assessment of
the following:
(A) The emergence of Russian parastatal entities
and their role in the economy of the Russian
Federation.
(B) The leadership structures and beneficial
ownership of those entities.
(C) The scope of the non-Russian business
affiliations of those entities.
(3) The exposure of key economic sectors of the United
States to Russian politically exposed persons and parastatal
entities, including, at a minimum, the banking, securities,
insurance, and real estate sectors.
(4) The likely effects of imposing debt and equity
restrictions on Russian parastatal entities, as well as the
anticipated effects of adding Russian parastatal entities to
the list of specially designated nationals and blocked persons
maintained by the Office of Foreign Assets Control of the
Department of the Treasury.
(5) The potential impacts of imposing secondary sanctions
with respect to Russian oligarchs, Russian state-owned
enterprises, and Russian parastatal entities, including impacts
on the entities themselves and on the economy of the Russian
Federation, as well as on the economies of the United States
and allies of the United States.
(b) Form of Report.—The report required under subsection (a) shall
be submitted in an unclassified form, but may contain a classified
annex.
(c) Definitions.—In this section:
(1) Appropriate congressional committees.—The term
«appropriate congressional committees» means—
(A) the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban
Affairs, the Committee on Foreign Relations, and the
Committee on Finance of the Senate; and
(B) the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee
on Financial Services, and the Committee on Ways and
Means of the House of Representatives.
(2) Senior foreign political figure.—The term «senior
foreign political figure» has the meaning given that term in
section 1010.605 of title 31, Code of Federal Regulations (or
any corresponding similar regulation or ruling).

SEC. 242. REPORT ON EFFECTS OF EXPANDING SANCTIONS TO INCLUDE SOVEREIGN
DEBT AND DERIVATIVE PRODUCTS.

(a) In General.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation
with the Director of National Intelligence and the Secretary of State,
shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report
describing in detail the potential effects of expanding sanctions under
Directive 1 (as amended), dated September 12, 2014, issued by the
Office of Foreign Assets Control under Executive Order 13662 (79 Fed.
Reg. 16169; relating to blocking property of additional persons
contributing to the situation in Ukraine), or any successor directive,
to include sovereign debt and the full range of derivative products.
(b) Form of Report.—The report required under subsection (a) shall
be submitted in an unclassified form, but may contain a classified
annex.
(c) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.—In this section,
the term «appropriate congressional committees» means—
(1) the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs,
the Committee on Foreign Relations, and the Committee on
Finance of the Senate; and
(2) the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on
Financial Services, and the Committee on Ways and Means of the
House of Representatives.

SEC. 243. REPORT ON ILLICIT FINANCE RELATING TO THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION.

(a) In General.—Not later than one year after the date of the
enactment of this Act, and not later than the end of each one-year
period thereafter until 2021, the Secretary of the Treasury shall
submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report describing
interagency efforts in the United States to combat illicit finance
relating to the Russian Federation.
(b) Elements.—The report required by subsection (a) shall contain
a summary of efforts by the United States to do the following:
(1) Identify, investigate, map, and disrupt illicit
financial flows linked to the Russian Federation if such flows
affect the United States financial system or those of major
allies of the United States.
(2) Conduct outreach to the private sector, including
information sharing efforts to strengthen compliance efforts by
entities, including financial institutions, to prevent illicit
financial flows described in paragraph (1).
(3) Engage and coordinate with allied international
partners on illicit finance, especially in Europe, to
coordinate efforts to uncover and prosecute the networks
responsible for illicit financial flows described in paragraph
(1), including examples of that engagement and coordination.
(4) Identify foreign sanctions evaders and loopholes within
the sanctions regimes of foreign partners of the United States.
(5) Expand the number of real estate geographic targeting
orders or other regulatory actions, as appropriate, to degrade
illicit financial activity relating to the Russian Federation
in relation to the financial system of the United States.
(6) Provide support to counter those involved in illicit
finance relating to the Russian Federation across all
appropriate law enforcement, intelligence, regulatory, and
financial authorities of the Federal Government, including by
imposing sanctions with respect to or prosecuting those
involved.
(7) In the case of the Department of the Treasury and the
Department of Justice, investigate or otherwise develop major
cases, including a description of those cases.
(c) Briefing.—After submitting a report under this section, the
Secretary of the Treasury shall provide briefings to the appropriate
congressional committees with respect to that report.
(d) Coordination.—The Secretary of the Treasury shall coordinate
with the Attorney General, the Director of National Intelligence, the
Secretary of Homeland Security, and the Secretary of State in preparing
each report under this section.
(e) Form.—Each report submitted under this section shall be
submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a classified annex.
(f) Definitions.—In this section:
(1) Appropriate congressional committees.—The term
«appropriate congressional committees» means—
(A) the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban
Affairs, the Committee on Foreign Relations, and the
Committee on Finance of the Senate; and
(B) the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee
on Financial Services, and the Committee on Ways and
Means of the House of Representatives.
(2) Illicit finance.—The term «illicit finance» means
the financing of terrorism, narcotics trafficking, or
proliferation, money laundering, or other forms of illicit
financing domestically or internationally, as defined by the
President.

Subtitle B—Countering Russian Influence in Europe and Eurasia

SEC. 251. FINDINGS.

Congress makes the following findings:
(1) The Government of the Russian Federation has sought to
exert influence throughout Europe and Eurasia, including in the
former states of the Soviet Union, by providing resources to
political parties, think tanks, and civil society groups that
sow distrust in democratic institutions and actors, promote
xenophobic and illiberal views, and otherwise undermine
European unity. The Government of the Russian Federation has
also engaged in well-documented corruption practices as a means
toward undermining and buying influence in European and
Eurasian countries.
(2) The Government of the Russian Federation has largely
eliminated a once-vibrant Russian-language independent media
sector and severely curtails free and independent media within
the borders of the Russian Federation. Russian-language media
organizations that are funded and controlled by the Government
of the Russian Federation and disseminate information within
and outside of the Russian Federation routinely traffic in
anti-Western disinformation, while few independent, fact-based
media sources provide objective reporting for Russian-speaking
audiences inside or outside of the Russian Federation.
(3) The Government of the Russian Federation continues to
violate its commitments under the Memorandum on Security
Assurances in connection with Ukraine’s Accession to the Treaty
on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, done at Budapest
December 5, 1994, and the Conference on Security and Co-
operation in Europe Final Act, concluded at Helsinki August 1,
1975 (commonly referred to as the «Helsinki Final Act»),
which laid the ground-work for the establishment of the
Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, of which
the Russian Federation is a member, by its illegal annexation
of Crimea in 2014, its illegal occupation of South Ossetia and
Abkhazia in Georgia in 2008, and its ongoing destabilizing
activities in eastern Ukraine.
(4) The Government of the Russian Federation continues to
ignore the terms of the August 2008 ceasefire agreement
relating to Georgia, which requires the withdrawal of Russian
Federation troops, free access by humanitarian groups to the
regions of South Ossetia and Abkhazia, and monitoring of the
conflict areas by the European Union Monitoring Mission.
(5) The Government of the Russian Federation is failing to
comply with the terms of the Minsk Agreement to address the
ongoing conflict in eastern Ukraine, signed in Minsk, Belarus,
on February 11, 2015, by the leaders of Ukraine, Russia,
France, and Germany, as well as the Minsk Protocol, which was
agreed to on September 5, 2014.
(6) The Government of the Russian Federation is—
(A) in violation of the Treaty between the United
States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist
Republics on the Elimination of their Intermediate-
Range and Shorter-Range Missiles, signed at Washington
December 8, 1987, and entered into force June 1, 1988
(commonly known as the «INF Treaty»); and
(B) failing to meet its obligations under the
Treaty on Open Skies, done at Helsinki March 24, 1992,
and entered into force January 1, 2002 (commonly known
as the «Open Skies Treaty»).

SEC. 252. SENSE OF CONGRESS.

It is the sense of Congress that—
(1) the Government of the Russian Federation bears
responsibility for the continuing violence in Eastern Ukraine,
including the death on April 24, 2017, of Joseph Stone, a
citizen of the United States working as a monitor for the
Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe;
(2) the President should call on the Government of the
Russian Federation—
(A) to withdraw all of its forces from the
territories of Georgia, Ukraine, and Moldova;
(B) to return control of the borders of those
territories to their respective governments; and
(C) to cease all efforts to undermine the popularly
elected governments of those countries;
(3) the Government of the Russian Federation has applied,
and continues to apply, to the countries and peoples of Georgia
and Ukraine, traditional uses of force, intelligence
operations, and influence campaigns, which represent clear and
present threats to the countries of Europe and Eurasia;
(4) in response, the countries of Europe and Eurasia should
redouble efforts to build resilience within their institutions,
political systems, and civil societies;
(5) the United States supports the institutions that the
Government of the Russian Federation seeks to undermine,
including the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the
European Union;
(6) a strong North Atlantic Treaty Organization is critical
to maintaining peace and security in Europe and Eurasia;
(7) the United States should continue to work with the
European Union as a partner against aggression by the
Government of the Russian Federation, coordinating aid
programs, development assistance, and other counter-Russian
efforts;
(8) the United States should encourage the establishment of
a commission for media freedom within the Council of Europe,
modeled on the Venice Commission regarding rule of law issues,
that would be chartered to provide governments with expert
recommendations on maintaining legal and regulatory regimes
supportive of free and independent media and an informed
citizenry able to distinguish between fact-based reporting,
opinion, and disinformation;
(9) in addition to working to strengthen the North Atlantic
Treaty Organization and the European Union, the United States
should work with the individual countries of Europe and
Eurasia—
(A) to identify vulnerabilities to aggression,
disinformation, corruption, and so-called hybrid
warfare by the Government of the Russian Federation;
(B) to establish strategic and technical plans for
addressing those vulnerabilities;
(C) to ensure that the financial systems of those
countries are not being used to shield illicit
financial activity by officials of the Government of
the Russian Federation or individuals in President
Vladimir Putin’s inner circle who have been enriched
through corruption;
(D) to investigate and prosecute cases of
corruption by Russian actors; and
(E) to work toward full compliance with the
Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public
Officials in International Business Transactions
(commonly referred to as the «Anti-Bribery
Convention») of the Organization for Economic Co-
operation and Development; and
(10) the President of the United States should use the
authority of the President to impose sanctions under—
(A) the Sergei Magnitsky Rule of Law Accountability
Act of 2012 (title IV of Public Law 112-208; 22 U.S.C.
5811 note); and
(B) the Global Magnitsky Human Rights
Accountability Act (subtitle F of title XII of Public
Law 114-328; 22 U.S.C. 2656 note).

SEC. 253. STATEMENT OF POLICY.

The United States, consistent with the principle of ex injuria jus
non oritur, supports the policy known as the «Stimson Doctrine» and
thus does not recognize territorial changes effected by force,
including the illegal invasions and occupations of Abkhazia, South
Ossetia, Crimea, Eastern Ukraine, and Transnistria.

SEC. 254. COORDINATING AID AND ASSISTANCE ACROSS EUROPE AND EURASIA.

(a) Authorization of Appropriations.—There are authorized to be
appropriated for the Countering Russian Influence Fund $250,000,000 for
fiscal years 2018 and 2019.
(b) Use of Funds.—Amounts in the Countering Russian Influence Fund
shall be used to effectively implement, prioritized in the following
order and subject to the availability of funds, the following goals:
(1) To assist in protecting critical infrastructure and
electoral mechanisms from cyberattacks in the following
countries:
(A) Countries that are members of the North
Atlantic Treaty Organization or the European Union that
the Secretary of State determines—
(i) are vulnerable to influence by the
Russian Federation; and
(ii) lack the economic capability to
effectively respond to aggression by the
Russian Federation without the support of the
United States.
(B) Countries that are participating in the
enlargement process of the North Atlantic Treaty
Organization or the European Union, including Albania,
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Macedonia, Moldova,
Kosovo, Serbia, and Ukraine.
(2) To combat corruption, improve the rule of law, and
otherwise strengthen independent judiciaries and prosecutors
general offices in the countries described in paragraph (1).
(3) To respond to the humanitarian crises and instability
caused or aggravated by the invasions and occupations of
Georgia and Ukraine by the Russian Federation.
(4) To improve participatory legislative processes and
legal education, political transparency and competition, and
compliance with international obligations in the countries
described in paragraph (1).
(5) To build the capacity of civil society, media, and
other nongovernmental organizations countering the influence
and propaganda of the Russian Federation to combat corruption,
prioritize access to truthful information, and operate freely
in all regions in the countries described in paragraph (1).
(6) To assist the Secretary of State in executing the
functions specified in section 1287(b) of the National Defense
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 22
U.S.C. 2656 note) for the purposes of recognizing,
understanding, exposing, and countering propaganda and
disinformation efforts by foreign governments, in coordination
with the relevant regional Assistant Secretary or Assistant
Secretaries of the Department of State.
(c) Revision of Activities for Which Amounts May Be Used.—The
Secretary of State may modify the goals described in subsection (b) if,
not later than 15 days before revising such a goal, the Secretary
notifies the appropriate congressional committees of the revision.
(d) Implementation.—
(1) In general.—The Secretary of State shall, acting
through the Coordinator of United States Assistance to Europe
and Eurasia (authorized pursuant to section 601 of the Support
for East European Democracy (SEED) Act of 1989 (22 U.S.C. 5461)
and section 102 of the Freedom for Russia and Emerging Eurasian
Democracies and Open Markets Support Act of 1992 (22 U.S.C.
5812)), and in consultation with the Administrator for the
United States Agency for International Development, the
Director of the Global Engagement Center of the Department of
State, the Secretary of Defense, the Chairman of the
Broadcasting Board of Governors, and the heads of other
relevant Federal agencies, coordinate and carry out activities
to achieve the goals described in subsection (b).
(2) Method.—Activities to achieve the goals described in
subsection (b) shall be carried out through—
(A) initiatives of the United States Government;
(B) Federal grant programs such as the Information
Access Fund; or
(C) nongovernmental or international organizations,
such as the Organization for Security and Co-operation
in Europe, the National Endowment for Democracy, the
Black Sea Trust, the Balkan Trust for Democracy, the
Prague Civil Society Centre, the North Atlantic Treaty
Organization Strategic Communications Centre of
Excellence, the European Endowment for Democracy, and
related organizations.
(3) Report on implementation.—
(A) In general.—Not later than April 1 of each
year, the Secretary of State, acting through the
Coordinator of United States Assistance to Europe and
Eurasia, shall submit to the appropriate congressional
committees a report on the programs and activities
carried out to achieve the goals described in
subsection (b) during the preceding fiscal year.
(B) Elements.—Each report required by subparagraph
(A) shall include, with respect to each program or
activity described in that subparagraph—
(i) the amount of funding for the program
or activity;
(ii) the goal described in subsection (b)
to which the program or activity relates; and
(iii) an assessment of whether or not the
goal was met.
(e) Coordination With Global Partners.—
(1) In general.—In order to maximize cost efficiency,
eliminate duplication, and speed the achievement of the goals
described in subsection (b), the Secretary of State shall
ensure coordination with—
(A) the European Union and its institutions;
(B) the governments of countries that are members
of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization or the
European Union; and
(C) international organizations and quasi-
governmental funding entities that carry out programs
and activities that seek to accomplish the goals
described in subsection (b).
(2) Report by secretary of state.—Not later than April 1
of each year, the Secretary of State shall submit to the
appropriate congressional committees a report that includes—
(A) the amount of funding provided to each country
referred to in subsection (b) by—
(i) the European Union or its institutions;
(ii) the government of each country that is
a member of the European Union or the North
Atlantic Treaty Organization; and
(iii) international organizations and
quasi-governmental funding entities that carry
out programs and activities that seek to
accomplish the goals described in subsection
(b); and
(B) an assessment of whether the funding described
in subparagraph (A) is commensurate with funding
provided by the United States for those goals.
(f) Rule of Construction.—Nothing in this section shall be
construed to apply to or limit United States foreign assistance not
provided using amounts available in the Countering Russian Influence
Fund.
(g) Ensuring Adequate Staffing for Governance Activities.—In order
to ensure that the United States Government is properly focused on
combating corruption, improving rule of law, and building the capacity
of civil society, media, and other nongovernmental organizations in
countries described in subsection (b)(1), the Secretary of State shall
establish a pilot program for Foreign Service officer positions focused
on governance and anticorruption activities in such countries.

SEC. 255. REPORT ON MEDIA ORGANIZATIONS CONTROLLED AND FUNDED BY THE
GOVERNMENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION.

(a) In General.—Not later than 90 days after the date of the
enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the President shall
submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report that
includes a description of media organizations that are controlled and
funded by the Government of the Russian Federation, and any affiliated
entities, whether operating within or outside the Russian Federation,
including broadcast and satellite-based television, radio, Internet,
and print media organizations.
(b) Form of Report.—The report required by subsection (a) shall be
submitted in unclassified form but may include a classified annex.

SEC. 256. REPORT ON RUSSIAN FEDERATION INFLUENCE ON ELECTIONS IN EUROPE
AND EURASIA.

(a) In General.—Not later than 90 days after the date of the
enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the President shall
submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report on funds
provided by, or funds the use of which was directed by, the Government
of the Russian Federation or any Russian person with the intention of
influencing the outcome of any election or campaign in any country in
Europe or Eurasia during the preceding year, including through direct
support to any political party, candidate, lobbying campaign,
nongovernmental organization, or civic organization.
(b) Form of Report.—Each report required by subsection (a) shall
be submitted in unclassified form but may include a classified annex.
(c) Russian Person Defined.—In this section, the term «Russian
person» means—
(1) an individual who is a citizen or national of the
Russian Federation; or
(2) an entity organized under the laws of the Russian
Federation or otherwise subject to the jurisdiction of the
Government of the Russian Federation.

SEC. 257. UKRANIAN ENERGY SECURITY.

(a) Statement of Policy.—It is the policy of the United States—
(1) to support the Government of Ukraine in restoring its
sovereign and territorial integrity;
(2) to condemn and oppose all of the destabilizing efforts
by the Government of the Russian Federation in Ukraine in
violation of its obligations and international commitments;
(3) to never recognize the illegal annexation of Crimea by
the Government of the Russian Federation or the separation of
any portion of Ukrainian territory through the use of military
force;
(4) to deter the Government of the Russian Federation from
further destabilizing and invading Ukraine and other
independent countries in Central and Eastern Europe and the
Caucuses;
(5) to assist in promoting reform in regulatory oversight
and operations in Ukraine’s energy sector, including the
establishment and empowerment of an independent regulatory
organization;
(6) to encourage and support fair competition, market
liberalization, and reliability in Ukraine’s energy sector;
(7) to help Ukraine and United States allies and partners
in Europe reduce their dependence on Russian energy resources,
especially natural gas, which the Government of the Russian
Federation uses as a weapon to coerce, intimidate, and
influence other countries;
(8) to work with European Union member states and European
Union institutions to promote energy security through
developing diversified and liberalized energy markets that
provide diversified sources, suppliers, and routes;
(9) to continue to oppose the NordStream 2 pipeline given
its detrimental impacts on the European Union’s energy
security, gas market development in Central and Eastern Europe,
and energy reforms in Ukraine; and
(10) that the United States Government should prioritize
the export of United States energy resources in order to create
American jobs, help United States allies and partners, and
strengthen United States foreign policy.
(b) Plan To Promote Energy Security in Ukraine.—
(1) In general.—The Secretary of State, in coordination
with the Administrator of the United States Agency for
International Development and the Secretary of Energy, shall
work with the Government of Ukraine to develop a plan to
increase energy security in Ukraine, increase the amount of
energy produced in Ukraine, and reduce Ukraine’s reliance on
energy imports from the Russian Federation.
(2) Elements.—The plan developed under paragraph (1) shall
include strategies for market liberalization, effective
regulation and oversight, supply diversification, energy
reliability, and energy efficiency, such as through
supporting—
(A) the promotion of advanced technology and modern
operating practices in Ukraine’s oil and gas sector;
(B) modern geophysical and meteorological survey
work as needed followed by international tenders to
help attract qualified investment into exploration and
development of areas with untapped resources in
Ukraine;
(C) a broadening of Ukraine’s electric power
transmission interconnection with Europe;
(D) the strengthening of Ukraine’s capability to
maintain electric power grid stability and reliability;
(E) independent regulatory oversight and operations
of Ukraine’s gas market and electricity sector;
(F) the implementation of primary gas law including
pricing, tariff structure, and legal regulatory
implementation;
(G) privatization of government owned energy
companies through credible legal frameworks and a
transparent process compliant with international best
practices;
(H) procurement and transport of emergency fuel
supplies, including reverse pipeline flows from Europe;
(I) provision of technical assistance for crisis
planning, crisis response, and public outreach;
(J) repair of infrastructure to enable the
transport of fuel supplies;
(K) repair of power generating or power
transmission equipment or facilities; and
(L) improved building energy efficiency and other
measures designed to reduce energy demand in Ukraine.
(3) Reports.—
(A) Implementation of ukraine freedom support act
of 2014 provisions.—Not later than 180 days after the
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of
State shall submit to the appropriate congressional
committees a report detailing the status of
implementing the provisions required under section 7(c)
of the Ukraine Freedom Support Act of 2014 (22 U.S.C.
8926(c)), including detailing the plans required under
that section, the level of funding that has been
allocated to and expended for the strategies set forth
under that section, and progress that has been made in
implementing the strategies developed pursuant to that
section.
(B) In general.—Not later than 180 days after the
date of the enactment of this Act, and every 180 days
thereafter, the Secretary of State shall submit to the
appropriate congressional committees a report detailing
the plan developed under paragraph (1), the level of
funding that has been allocated to and expended for the
strategies set forth in paragraph (2), and progress
that has been made in implementing the strategies.
(C) Briefings.—The Secretary of State, or a
designee of the Secretary, shall brief the appropriate
congressional committees not later than 30 days after
the submission of each report under subparagraph (B).
In addition, the Department of State shall make
relevant officials available upon request to brief the
appropriate congressional committees on all available
information that relates directly or indirectly to
Ukraine or energy security in Eastern Europe.
(D) Appropriate congressional committees defined.—
In this paragraph, the term «appropriate congressional
committees» means—
(i) the Committee on Foreign Relations and
the Committee

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